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Category: Essays Templates on Sociology Page 1 of 4

Banning Polygamy In The United States

Some American religious groups still practice polygamy despite the Reynold case of 1879 which forbade the practice on the basis of religion. In 2008, Texas saved over 400 girls from Warren Jeffs. Jeffs was a polygamist who had left his church because it refused to follow the state directives that prohibited polygamy. The issue of polygamy is still a controversial topic in the U.S. as different people have different opinions on its acceptability. The U.S. should ban polygamy because it is not fair to women and increases the risk of diseases spreading among married families.

Polygamy shouldn’t be permitted in any religious group in America today, for several reasons. Polygamy is a violation of the rights of women, as it denies them their equality with men. Women may suffer more discrimination if polygamy spreads to other religious groups or the American population. Women are also exposed to mental distress by polygamy. Women who are in polygamous unions often struggle to get along with one another, and it can become a mental torture. This leads to more serious conditions, such as domestic violence and depression. Women who oppose adding another wife in a marriage are often victims of gender violence. In other situations, when there are two wives in the marriage who disagree, their husbands will likely favor one of them. Conflicts can escalate and violence is possible. Both women can be victims of domestic abuse or other rights violations.

Polygamy can also be harmful to women’s and society’s health by encouraging diseases to spread. The risk of immorality and disease spreading is increased when a man engages in sexual activity with more than one woman. It also puts society at risk, as certain behaviors and diseases may be exposed. Street families could grow, and children’s rights could be violated. The United States is currently flooded with diverse cultures due to the interaction of people. Most cultures view polygamy negatively and consider it to be morally inacceptable. There is a chance that cultural issues will only arise because polygamy was not permitted in the U.S.

As a counter-argument to the opponents of polygamy, they argue that a ban on polygamy violates the First Amendment, which guarantees the freedom of religion. The fact is that they all fail to acknowledge the fact, despite it being a religious act, it violates their sisters and mothers’ rights. They also argue that polygamy could bring peace to the family, but this argument lacks any basis.

It is not acceptable to allow polygamy within the religious groups in America, due to the physical and mental problems it can cause for families, American women, and even the American public. It is notable that the U.S. has taken steps to control polygamy. We need to find other ways to eliminate polygamy from society.

Social Media Is The Reason For Many Of The World’s Problems And Solutions

You can use it to spread hatred, particularly among teenagers. It’s no secret that most teenagers live their lives through social media, but does it work? Austen McCann writes in his article that social media allows teens to live their lives online. Instead of saying goodbye to school friends and waiting until the next morning …”, they can take it all on the internet. Social media is not the only way to connect with teenagers.

Average teenagers spend at least 2 hours 20 minutes per day on social media. Austin McCann says in one of his articles, “Impact of Social Media on Teens,” that teens are complaining about their homework being the source of constant stress. EveryDay Health magazine claims that statistics prove that teens who spend more outdoor time are happier and healthier. The time that teenagers spend outdoors has been decreasing since 2000. This is causing an increase in obesity and depression. In addition to affecting health, social media prevents parents and children from having an in-depth conversation without the use of their phones. They don’t care to talk to their friends or family, even though having a social networking profile allows them to do so. Teenagers are too busy tweeting to enjoy the small things in their lives. Social media may not be as great as it’s made out to be. Should. Teenagers are forced to follow this word. Social media creates false impressions of what a perfect life should look like. Girls and boys are affected by this. These pictures that are misleading about how relationships, homes, cars, bodies, etc. These misleading pictures of how bodies, relationships, houses and cars should look are what lead to low self-esteem and depression. Social media is not just about connecting. It’s also about who “retweeted”, who “selfie”, and “how many favorited that picture got”. The fact that teenagers’ insecurities are based on the number of likes is almost disgusting. Social media presents a false picture of reality that teens find misleading.

Social media is not only misleading but also unimportant. Most of the social media posts, aside from the part that deals with news, are of little importance to us. Information like “Becky bought a new car’s interior” has no value in the long-term. Nicholas Wapshott writes in Buying Into Big Brother that we may be pity the idiot who posts a picture on social media of him smoking a joint or using expletives. But, when he goes to look for a job, he will find that an HR department has deemed him unemployed. Call your family and friends instead of wasting time on social media.

It is very hard to avoid social media. It’s especially difficult if one has been using social media daily for a short time and then switched over. You will have to work hard, but it’s worth the effort. In the end, you won’t waste time on false information or perceptions. Encourage your friends and teens to spend less social media time and more actual social time.

Comparison Of Generation X And Generation Y 

The world will continue to evolve and grow as the years pass. What makes a generation remarkable? Some generations have made great achievements, while others have not. What makes a generation remarkable? Is it the intelligence, hardwork, and values that previous generations had inherited from them? What happens to the previous generation that fought for independence, equality and rights? What is the effect of Generation X & Y compared with other six generations? Both generations have had a profound impact on the world, but their social changes are vastly different. They will both educate the following generations. Generation X and Generation Y lived different lives. Generation X was inspired by Generation Y and their values to change and make a big impact in society.

This group includes people born between 1964-1980. This group is not like the rest of the generations, as they are usually forgotten. During this period, many people in Generation Y grew without their parents and with a sole parent. Divorce rates were high. Since they were born to Baby Boomer parents, their attitude changed dramatically. This made them the most reclusive generation at work. As layoffs rose and the market for jobs was highly competitive, there were not as many young people from the past working and running the workplace like Baby Boomers. That’s how “Latchkey Kids” came to be. The term “Latchkey Kids” was used by many to describe the situation in their homes at that time. Both genders were now allowed to work in the same field, which meant that parents could provide for both their children.

As a result of this adaptation, parents and children will be a little more distant. Generation X had very little to look for and grew up much quicker than most. They started reading the newspaper and paying attention on television and became interested in politics during the Reagan/Bush/Clinton years. They are less liberal than millennials, but more conservative. Their outlook has been shaped and defined by their childhood. This was a time when there was relative racial and social stability as well as a generalized domestic prosperity.

Generation Y – also called Millennials – was born into a world that already wanted to transform the way things worked. Generation X influenced Millennials and vice versa, and this led to a trend of personal branding. Generation Y is aware of their abilities and has never been influenced or shaped by stereotypes. The Millennials are a generation that is devoted to freedom and equality. This can be seen in the way they support a protestor-led government and their willingness to “support political independence and independent thought.” They also see education as a necessity, even though it was expensive. The three things that they care most about are education, poverty,and the environment.

At the moment, six different generations share a world and learn from similar events, regardless of their age. Although generations are not shaped the same, they do share a common experience. The collective experience of each generation is the same, regardless of other factors. Generation X gained their independence from negative events, like Watergates. AIDS, drug use, and Chernobyl. The Millennials wanted to stand out from the parents’ generation, embracing their culture and expressing it in a new way. Millennials, the first group to be born in the age of technology and to find new ways to stay connected with the world, are a unique generation. Each generation influences the other as is evident, but they are different and never will be. Two different worldviews from two different generations. This is necessary because otherwise the world will never reach a stage of ablaze. They play a large role in this.

Living In The Czech Republic

Table of Contents

Politics of the Czech Republic

Czech Republic’s Economy

Buying and Renting Property In The Czech Republic

The Czech Republic has many schools.

The weather of Czech Republic

The Czech Republic boasts one of Central Europe’s most industrialised and advanced economies. The Czech Republic is a growing expat destination. It is a popular tourist spot, and it is also a destination for expats. The Czech Republic is an island country in Central Europe. It is the westernmost part of the former Czechoslovak Federal Republic.

Prague, the country’s cultural, commercial and social capital, attracts tourists by the hundreds. They flock to the city for its natural beauty and historical buildings, with the castle as the focal point. The capital is not the only historical site to visit. Over 2,000 castles are located outside of Prague, including ruins and keeps.

Czechs are the majority in the Czech Republic. Slovaks also make up a large ethnic group, as do Germans. The language of the majority is Czech. Older generations, outside of major cities, might not be able converse in English. The younger generation, however, is able, because English is taught by most schools. Prague, home to many multinational companies’ European headquarters, is where the majority of expats live.

Politics of the Czech RepublicIn Czech Republic, the president is the chief of state while the prime minister is the leader of the government. The Czech Republic’s Government exercises executive powers and reports to its lower house. The Legislature has a bicameral structure, with the Senate consisting of 81 and the Chamber of Deputies consisting of 201 members. Both houses make up the Czech Republic’s Parliament.

The Czech Republic operates a system of multi-party politics. Since 1993, the two biggest parties have been the Civic Democratic Party and Czech Social Democratic Party. This changed in early 2014. The rise of ANO 2011 led to the weakened of both major political parties. Economist Intelligence Unit’s 2016 rating of the Czech Republic is “flawed democracy”.

Economy of Czech RepublicThe Czech Republic is a highly developed country with an economy that has high income. Its GDP per person is 87% above the EU average. Czech Republic has the highest level of stability and prosperity among the post-communist countries. Its economy grew by over 6% a year for three years prior to the global economic crisis. The growth has been led by exports to Europe, particularly Germany, and international investment, while the domestic demand is increasing.

Private sector has privatised most of the economic activity, except for banks and telecommunications. In 2013, the dividends paid to foreign investors totaled CZK300billion.

Since 1 May 2004, the Czech Republic has been a part of the Schengen Area. The country abolished its border controls on 21 Dec 2007. The Czech Republic joined the World Trade Organisation on 1 January 1995.

Buying and Renting Property In the Czech RepublicRather then buying apartments, young couples or single expats prefer to rent accommodation. Renting an apartment or a house is a great option for expats. They can find a range of styles, from baroque to contemporary. There are some apartment buildings built in the Communist era, but it is best to avoid them as they are often in a poor state of repair due to lack of maintenance and inferior construction materials.

Prague is home to a wide range of furnished, unfurnished and semi-furnished apartments. Single expats may rent rooms, rather than renting larger apartments, houses, or shared housing.

You can find accommodations in newspapers, on the internet, and through agents.

Writer Relocations also offers immigration and visa services for many other countries. Please contact us for more information.

The Czech Republic’s schools are generally considered to have a good state. Parents of expats can enroll their children in public school free of charge if they have EU citizenship or are legal residents. This applies to all education levels, including pre-primary and university. However, many expats enroll their kids in international schools or private schools to ensure continuity. Schooling is mandatory for children aged 6-15. The schooling year begins at the beginning of September and lasts until late June.

The Czech language is the only one used in public schools. The same is true for the university. Some expats may find it discouraging but it has its benefits.

In the Czech Republic the private school fees are paid in part by state funds and partially by parents.

The climate of the Czech RepublicThe Czech Republic’s temperate continental weather is characterised by warm, sunny summers followed by cold, rainy, and sometimes snowy winters. Due to its geographical location, summer temperatures are higher than winter.

Elevation has a great impact on temperature. The temperatures are lower and the precipitation is more frequent at higher elevations. The wettest region in the Czech Republic is around Bily Potok, Jizera Mountains. The driest area is Louny District northwest of Prague. The mountains are another factor that influences the climate.

The coldest months are usually January, February, and December. These months are usually cold, with snow falling in the mountains. During March, April and especially May, the temperatures tend to increase rapidly, with weather and temperature varying widely throughout the day. Spring brings with it high river water levels, due to the melting of snow.

The warmest months are August, then July. Summer temperatures average between 20 degC and 30 degC. The summer is also marked by storms and rain.

Broken Windows Theory In Criminal Sociology

Table of Contents

Broken Windows Theory: A Theory that is Broken Down

Broken Window Theory and Practice

In conclusion

Criminal Sociology (also known as Sociology of Crime) is the study that focuses on the creation, enforcement, and breaking of criminal laws. Criminal sociology has as its sole purpose to understand, develop and test empirically the various theories that explain criminal behavior, how laws are formed and the operation of the criminal justice system in different countries. The modern criminology was based on the principles of coexistence that philosophers had proposed. The reason why the powerful took advantage of those who had less power was of great interest. During those early years, the focus of the study was on the ability of members to live in harmony. Criminal scientists are still trying to answer this fundamental question about harmonious coexistence. Broken Windows is the theory of criminology which states that visible signs and behaviors such as criminality, anti-sociality, and civil disorder encourage further crime. According to the theory, police methods that focus on minor crimes such as vandalism and public drinking can help create an environment of lawfulness and order, which in turn prevents more serious crimes. This essay discusses why the theory of broken windows is most suitable for explaining why individuals commit crime. The researcher also aims to point out the flaws and faults of the theory, as well as the ways in which it can be used in order to understand societal criminal behaviour.

Breaking the Broken Windows TheoryAn explanation is given based on a general principle that is independent of the object being investigated. It is important to understand that theories are based on suppositions, assumptions and facts which aim to provide rational explanations for the cause-and effect relationships between a grouping of observed phenomena. In the 1980s, sociologists James Wilson (left) and George Kelling (right) developed Broken Windows. This theory says that “when vandalism, such as breaking the windows of cars or buildings, is ignored, more serious crimes are likely to follow.” For instance, if a community leaves a window unrepaired, it’s possible that the other windows will be broken. Sociologists explain that the reason why window-breaking occurs is not always because gangs or criminals are in a particular area. Unrepaired windows signal that nobody cares and therefore attract more broken-in windows. After the theory above was tested, it led to an entirely new way of thinking in the community. As normalcy decreases, the vicious cycle begins. A neighborhood becomes more dangerous and run down.

The broken window theory is also applicable to a smoker. When someone smokes cigarettes on a clean sidewalk, it is likely that they’ll keep the filter in their pocket until they find a trashcan and throw it away. When the streets are littered, however, with filters of cigarettes, no one will bother to search for a bin. Smokers will then throw their filter in with the rest of the litter, thinking that it will not make a difference. The theory is simple: “If a window in a building is not repaired soon, vandals will destroy other windows.” Why? The message is that nobody cares; this is an abandoned object. It is important to note that littering streets with cigarette stubs in no way constitutes a crime. It is akin to breaking the window of a building simply because the first one was broken.

A broken window is a symbol of a community that does not care much about the environment. It also shows that minor deviances are tolerated. The Broken Window Theory influenced policy makers on both sides, but most notably in New York during the 1990s. In 1993 for instance, several policies were launched globally that were based upon the Broken Windows Theory. The sole aim was to emphasize and address crimes which negatively affected quality-of-life. In order to deal with all types of petty crime, such as subway fare-evasion, public urination, graffiti and drinking in public, several policies were introduced. In 2001, the results of a criminal trend study revealed that both the petty crime and the cruel crime had decreased significantly following the implementation. A study of criminal trends in 2001 revealed that both petty and cruel crimes had significantly decreased after the implementation of the policies. The criminal justice system’s zero-tolerance policy, which takes antisocial and low-level crimes seriously, has led to significant declines in deviance.

Broken Window Theory: In PracticeAccording a 2015 systematic study by Braga Welsh Schnell, the police strategies that focus on disorder have a small but significant effect on crime reduction. Researchers concluded that the positive results could be attributed to both the place-based and problem-oriented strategies used by the police authorities. The researchers argue that aggressive strategies to maintain order had no overall significant impact. Researchers claim that police could reduce both disorder crime and non-disorder criminality by applying disorder policing. All of the above strategies are relevant. Researchers also say that the broken windows model is hard to evaluate when it comes to policing for several reasons.

New York, perhaps the most successful place to implement this policy. In other agencies worldwide, the theory was considered to be synonymous with zero-tolerance police, in which disorderly behavior is aggressively enforced and all other offenses are either ticketed of arrested. The broken-window approach is nuanced, and therefore it seems unfair to base the evaluation of its effectiveness on zero tolerance. It can be concluded that, in reality, many police departments around the world do not adhere to broken window policies.

Second, how do you measure the treatment of broken windows? The most important indicator of this theory is misdemeanor arrested, because these data are easily available. Arrests are not enough to capture the approach of community outreach and discretion. In many cases, it’s up to the officers whether they decide an arrest was appropriate. Instead of zero tolerance, more community oriented approaches should be used to work with residents and local communities to address disorder collectively while respecting civil liberties and rights. The model also suggests a long-term indirect relationship between disorder enforcement efforts and a drop in serious crimes. As a result, current evaluations for broken window interventions may be inappropriate. Moreover, there is no doubt that most police studies are based on short follow up periods. This may make it difficult to understand the dynamics and challenges of neighborhoods.

ConclusionFor a long time, the Broken Window Theory has been touted as a powerful tool to help criminal justice system policy make changes instead of solely relying on social policy. The theory is seen as a tool to quickly bring about change and with minimal expenditure by changing police crime control tactics. It is easier to eliminate disorder than to tackle social ills such as poverty and low literacy levels. Although the theory has been shown to be effective at reducing criminal activity, some serious concerns have arisen and immediate action is needed for it to work in reality. It has been suggested that applying the theory to crime reduction can lead to reduced satisfaction among citizens and harm their perception of police legitimacy. The theory could be improved by addressing the issues raised above.

Analysis Of Communication Styles In North Korea

Table of Contents

An opening statement

History of North Korea’s Ideology

North Korea’s Verbal Dialect

North Korea’s Non-Verbal Communications

Proxemics of Emotions in Physical Space

Compare with American counterparts

Communication between two countries


Non-Verbal Communications

In summation, it can be concluded that…


This is an introduction to the topic at hand.

North Korea has the highest rate of literacy in the entire world. It is currently led by Kim Jong-Un, the Supreme leader of North Korea. Worldometers reports that North Korea is home to over 25 millions people.

North Korea differs greatly from the United States in terms of its communication style. North Korea’s undisputed one-man rule and authoritative leadership is a major factor in this. North Korea, which is widely regarded as the harshest country in the world, makes its citizens live in fear and obey every rule imposed by the government. North Korea has many power dynamics, including censorship of information. It also forces citizens to communicate certain ways. Citizens don’t have any choice in what they do. They are constantly watched and told exactly what to think. North Koreans are not allowed to think independently. North Korea has a very specific agenda. North Korea’s unique communication style comes from the whole culture of authority in North Korea. The verbal, non-verbal, and body language of North Koreans is largely dictated by the culture. North Korea is known for taking seriously the communication of its citizens, because one word can be deadly or a non-verbal gesture could lead to death. North Korea is a country with a rich culture and philosophy. We will examine the way in which North Koreans communicate verbally and non-verbally.

History of North Korea. Its IdeologyIn 1010, Japan, five year after the Russo Japanese conflict, took control over the Korean Peninsula. Japan controlled the Korean Peninsula over 35 years. It modernized and industrialized it, causing many Koreans to suffer from Japan’s harsh regime. Following the defeat of Japan in 1945, United States and Soviet Union divided Peninsula in half. North Korea led by Kim II Sung a young Communist was formed in 1948. The Peninsula was split in half but this led to disputes between the two sides over ownership of the entire peninsula. As tensions rose, North Korea invaded South Korea, resulting in the Korean War. North Korea’s and South Korea’s war lasted three years. However, there was no formal peace treaty signed between the two Koreas. Kim II Sung formed North Korea’s nationalist society, “Juche,” meaning self-reliance. North Korea was able to control everything, including the economy, the media, and even its own citizens, because of this ideology. North Korea’s secrecy was maintained by adopting such an ideology and imposing strict restrictions on all aspects of life. Kim II Sung, who died in 1994 from a heartattack, left his role to Kim Jong Un, the current leader of North Korea. Kim-Jung’s ideology is similar to that of Kim II. He now follows a military style first approach known as Songun Chong’chi. This is the ideology which has lead North Korea to where it is today. It is this ideology that drives citizens to act and talk in a particular way. North Korea has a culture of authority and a society that is built around strict rules. North Korea is the one that decides what citizens can and cannot say. This idea is crucial when analyzing North Korea’s communicative styles. Below, we’ll analyze North Korea verbal communication style.

North Korea’s Verbal DialectNorth Korea speaks a dialect that is different from the South’s. The South speaks a dialect known as “Gyeonggi”, while the North uses a dialect named “Munhwao”. North Koreans speak the “Munhwao dialect” while the South speaks the “Gyeonggi” dialect. North Korea’s standard dialect is called “Munhwao”. In 1966, the language was adopted by North Korea as its standard. WorldAtlus claims that North Korea is ideologically inclined to speak “the language of the working classes” and that this has led to the North Korea dialects differing from the South. Verbal Communication of North Korea Verbal language in North Korea differs dramatically from that spoken in other parts of the world. A YouTube video entitled “Never Seen Real-Life Footage Inside North Korea” provides commentary and footage about the daily activities and lives that take place in North Korea. This documentary gives you a good idea of how North Koreans live and talk.

North Koreans are known for their conversational style. They communicate in a way that indicates they are more mature and well-behaved. Everyone speaks the same tones and in the same voice. This shows their maturity. The way they communicate can be explained by the fact that North Korea is a very authoritative nation and that their citizens conform to Kim Jong un’s ideal society. The style of their verbal language is more restrictive.

North Korea is a country that has a very quiet culture and society. North Korea is a country where citizens are taught to conform to its harsh and brutal laws. This fear causes them to be more reserved. A YouTube documentary called “Never Before Seen Actual Life Footage In North Korea” gives a good example of the country’s silence. In one video segment, there are students standing outside of school. A striking thing was that no one talked to anyone else as usual. They kept quiet and didn’t talk much in school. The documentary also showed the silence of the trains. No one was talking on board. North Korea’s culture is very quiet, much like Japan. Everyone is quieter and only speaks when necessary. As you can see, North Korea is a society that is very strict and uses verbal communication only when needed. Silence is linked to a lower level of government resistance, as well-behaved citizens who are silent are less likely resist. North Korea is a culture that values non-verbal communication more than verbal communication. We will now analyze the non-verbal style of communication in North Korea.

North Korea’s Non-Verbal CommunicationNon-Verbal communication is very apparent when it comes to North Korean culture, their non-verbal ways of communicating indicates that of an ethnocentric culture in which North Korea thinks they are superior to everybody else. North Korea is known for its ethnocentrism, and their non-verbal ways of communicating. One example of this is the “Goose-Stepping”, a march by a large army group that marches in unison at a constant speed. North Korea’s non-verbal communication is a great way to communicate power. North Korea uses this type of marching to demonstrate their power to its citizens and the rest of the world. Dr. Jack Brown said that by “Goose Stepping”, they were telling people, non-verbally, that they were powerful. This was to make them fearful.

Proxemics in North Korea: Emotions and Physical Space Proxemics refers to the space and distance between people. North Korea is a place where it’s important to keep a distance. Koreans tend to avoid touching strangers, and especially those of a different gender. North Koreans try to display as little emotion and show as few signs of affection as possible. North Koreans do not show physical affection, as North Korea still values space. Proxemics combined with emotions, physicality, and a non-verbal culture that isn’t too expressive or restrictive.

Comparing American CounterpartsThere’s a big difference in the way Americans communicate verbally. Americans can be loud and open. The United States has a more expressive voice than North Korea. North Koreans tend to be more reserved when it comes to talking to strangers.

The United States boasts a wide variety of spoken languages. English is not the only language in the United States. Many other languages are also used by people all over the country. WorldAtlus states that English, Spanish, and Chinese are the three most common languages. There are more than 100 languages spoken in China, but this is a good representation of the variety. North Korea has only one language, Korean.

Americans are in general more accepting of physical affection. Physical affection is neither frowned upon or looked down upon. It is normal to show physical affection when you meet people, see acquaintances or visit family. Other countries may find America’s physical communication strange because it shows openness, kindness and warmth.

Distance between people is another thing to compare. Everybody has a comfortable distance between them and is generally willing to get closer if necessary. North Korea insists on a certain distance, but Americans can choose their own distance depending on what they feel comfortable with. North Korea has a higher tolerance for distance.

Communication Between Two CountriesVerballyFrom a United States standpoint, when communicating with North Korea, it is critical to communicate indirectly. In a study by Cocroft & Ting-Toomey, the researchers found that Asians prefer indirect, ambiguous communication to the clear, direct communication of low-context cultures. North Korea, on the other hand, is a culture with a higher context, and so it is best to use an indirect style when communicating verbally. It is crucial to speak with maturity and respect when you are speaking with North Koreans. Sometimes, being “different” or expressive can come off as rude. It is clear that interactions based on cultural knowledge will be polite and show mutual respect.

Keep distance while communicating non-verbally. North Koreans tend to avoid closeness and will feel uncomfortable. North Koreans are more likely to respond positively to verbal communications if they have been exposed to this method of communication. Park says that it’s important not to show any emotion, or affection in public.

North Korea has a culture of avoiding touch. As an example, in North Korea the handshake is preferred to the handshake as the gesture of respect and greeting. If you want to communicate non-verbally with someone, try not to touch them.

ConclusionsAll things considered, North Korea differs dramatically from the United States. It is best to approach its culture with maturity and respect. When approaching their culture it is important to avoid any emotional expression or physical contact. North Korea’s society communicates non-verbally or verbally in this way because they live in fear.

A Study On Consumer Awareness Regarding Times Group Magazine

“A journey of thousands miles begins with one step”

With the rapid development of technology, our world is becoming smaller and smaller every day. To keep up with this world you need to know how to do it.

A person can’t just learn to drive through reading a thousand books. It is essential to have practical knowledge of driving. Students of management cannot learn the art of management without experiencing real-life business. It is important to have practical experience in order to gain a better understanding of the real business situation and the problems that are faced by the company.

Summer internships form part of full management studies. Examining departments at different universities will require you to complete a summer project.

The Times of India is a fantastic place to do our internship. RMD has given us a clear idea of how the department is managing its business. Our project title is “CONSUMER AWARENESS IN RELATION TO TIMES GROUP’S MAGAZINE”. The summer training task was to conduct a survey of consumer satisfaction regarding the magazines targeted by the Times group. I.e. Through the feedback and questionnaires. Google Docs forms were used to collect data.

We are pleased to present our project report as part of our MBA course summer training. We realized how much we owe the people who supported us. It is important to have someone with experience in the area guide you through your study.

I’d like to express my gratitude to BENNETT COLEMAN & CO.LTD for allowing me to learn and work within their company culture. The Times of India division has given us permission to initiate this project. This includes doing the necessary research, and using departmental data.

I would also like to thank MR. RAJESH BHATIA for his guidance and supervision, which allowed us to complete this study. He was a driving force in the project, who guided us throughout the entire process. The other staff members were also able to provide us with information and field data that helped make the practical experience a success.

Our experience in working with more knowledge.

MR. DHRUMAN PATEL played a key role in the research. He helped us overcome the roadblocks we encountered. His guidance was crucial to the completion of this research.

The Summer Internship Programmed was a great success and we are grateful to Dr. ANITA SUNIL for her guidance and helping us to solve all our problems.

Also, we are grateful to our parents, friends, readers, and everyone else who has motivated us and given us the opportunity to show ourselves during Summer Training. Last but not last, we thank God and his grace for all that he has done for us.

L J Institute Of Management Studies

The final “TIMES INDIA” project was very informative.

The factors influencing the subscription to “TIMES INDIA” magazines have been studied. The Research Study covered Ahmedabad Anand Petlad Khambhat City. Primary data was collected through a questionnaire. The databank that we used for secondary data was also provided to us.

It contains details about the company, its history, mission, and vision, as well as information on their products, industries, and information about them. It contains information about the research method, including research problem and research design.

Also included is a brief description of Bennett, Coleman & CO. Ltd., as well as Times of India. Also included in the report are the results of the study on the reasons why people choose to read Times of India instead of magazines from the Times Group. I have based the findings and recommendations of the respondent on information from the BCCL.

The target was 55 new subscribers per person, including both Left Readers and current readers. This was a target we worked hard to meet.

Literature ReviewPrinting media continues to add awareness and persuasiveness at high exposure. The magazine advertising is more effective when it is not used enough. This will reduce the response of any future advertising. The most successful media combinations included print. Overall, the combination of TV + online + printing was most effective. I know all TV campaigns are now also online but print is the best tool to get consumers to make a purchase.

From ten Cross Media Research ™ studies, magazines proved to be the most cost-effective medium at all stages of the funnel. For the non-packaged goods category (22 studies), as with overall results, magazines were the largest contributor for aided brand awareness, brand favorability, and purchase consideration/intent. Magazines contributed 33% or more at four of the five stages: aided brand awareness, ad awareness, and with significant impact in brand favorability and purchase consideration/intent.

A consistent message delivered across multiple channels can improve brand perception by 68% and purchase intent by 90%. Consistent messaging across channels can boost brand perception by up to 68%.10 For the upper funnel, desktop and printed media combined increased brand awareness with campaign assistance by 96%. According to polling, consumers place more trust in print than any other type of advertising. Marketers can use this trust, as so many people make online purchases, to increase sales both online and offline. The decision to place an ad should be based on a consistent, media-diverse and clear strategy.

Magazine Media 360deg measures the audience on multiple platforms to get a more accurate picture. The 2016/17 Magazine Media Factbook is a great source of data to spark a conversation. Research shows that magazine-based media are the most inspirational, influential, and trustworthy of all forms of media. They also have a powerful impact on sales.

When readers choose a particular magazine, they ensure that the content is relevant to them and show empathy for how the magazine views the world. A relationship is developed. Around the world, magazines are known for their personal relationship with readers. The average magazine is picked up and read for 54 minutes. It is also opened on average 2.5 times. In an age of multi-tasking where consumers consume multiple media simultaneously, magazines are most often used without distraction.

Angela McRobie stated that in the field of media and cultural study, magazines have a less prominent and prestigious role than other media. The same is true a decade on. Women’s magazines are a subject that has been studied, but in limited numbers. These studies have highlighted a debated and complex area. Women’s magazines are not only important and of great importance, but there have also been disputes about how to study them. Many studies are characterized by a sense of conflict, as the female authors must balance their own sense of self against feminism and academic perspectives.

The Cosmopolitan has been published monthly in New York since 1886. It is an international magazine for women. The Cosmopolitan magazine has been published since 1980 in Germany. The Cosmopolitan is available in over 100 countries, 64 editions are printed in 35 different language and it has a global distribution. Bauer Media Group took over the magazine in 1886. It was owned previously by Marquand Media AG. The award for the most innovative product is given annually by a panel of judges made up of dermatologists as well as editors and representatives from industry. The 15 categories of products that have been awarded are usually presented in the print edition in March. This presentation is not advertising, but editorial content.

Out of 86 respondents, only 47.7% register magazines prior to use and 52.3% don’t. 63 out of 86 respondents prefer to use Internet. 37 or 43% do not have the time to go to library. Internet use is the most common reason why people don’t read magazines or journals. Lack of time is another reason that people don’t use magazines or journals.

Aviv Shoham, Senior Lecturer at the Graduate School of Business of University of Haifa in Haifa (Israel) Compulsive consumer buying is a key area of research into consumer behavior. Compulsive shopping is a very negative form of consumer behaviour, which makes it important to study. Exploring negative consumer behavior could lead to new perspectives or modified approaches for studying positive consumption. Further, research on the negative aspects can have a positive impact on society. That is why it is important to study them. The paper builds on the earlier works to present a model that explains compulsivity’s antecedents. In a sample consisting of Israelis, gender, the tendency for consumers to make unplanned buys, and to purchase products not on their lists are predictors of compulsive behaviour. These antecedents may influence compulsive traits.

The time spent reading the newspaper was also used. Readership Institute of North Western University defines the time spent as: “The amount spent by consumers reading their newspaper or looking at it on Sundays, and weekdays.” The Readership Behavior score includes three components: frequency, completeness and time spent.

Newspapers and magazines printed on paper can also inform their readers about topics that are outside their personal interests. This serves as a resource, a way to share information, and an advertisement.

The Brand Builder is a model that allows you to analyze the construct of loyalty for brands, including both their attitudinal as well as behavioural components. This model is based on assumptions such as that all brands could be described behaviourally, that survey questionnaires can replace the probability of purchasing, and that attitudes of consumers and their behaviors towards brands are linked. The Brand Builder model’s predictive abilities are tested. The findings show that loyal customers are more likely than non-loyal buyers to purchase a brand in the next year if their brand attitude is influential. We found that non-buyers/low loyal buyers are more inclined to convert if their opinions about products they’ve not bought are positive. Final results indicate that convergence between consumer attitudes, and behaviours has predictive qualities.

Deviant Behavior As Result Of China’s One Child Policy

Table of Contents


Definition of Deviance

The difference between abstract harm and tangible gain

Costs exclusible

Diffusion and information of responsibility

Legal versus ethical

In conclusion,


Original: This paper will discuss the effects of climate change

Paraphrased: This article will examine the repercussions of climate change

In the late 1970s, the Chinese government realised that it was facing a crisis. They were aware of their rapidly growing population and the difficulty that would arise for the government if things continued as they were. “At the time of 1982’s census, China already had over 1 billion citizens, and if the current trend continues, it could have 1.4 billion by century’s end” (Kane & Choi, 1999, p.992). To slow down the massive population increase, the One Child Policy was implemented. The policy was announced for the first time in 1979 to help curb population growth.

This policy was not intended to have such unintended effects. Many of them were the result of the cultural belief that boys are more desirable than females. Thirty years after, the SRB was 118 in 2010. The number of males born per 100 females is 118, which is higher than the average global figure of 105 (Shi & Kennedy (2016), p.1019). This disparity can be attributed to several factors, such as an increase in abortions or an under-reporting of births.

John M. Darley states that an organization “can be pushed towards evil by members in a way they never intended” (Darley 1996), page 14. In this instance, the government imposed a policy limiting the number children citizens were allowed to have. This was done to avoid a negative impact on the country from the increasing population.

Orphanages took this opportunity to profit from the increased number of unwanted children and made a lot of money by adopting them internationally. As the number of babies abandoned decreased, orphanages began engaging in deviant behaviour. Human trafficking, also known as deviant behaviour, can be a result of abstract harm, tangible gain or diffusion information and responsibility. In China, the implementation and impact of one child policy has shown how people can be encouraged to do deviant things. This is especially true in terms of human trafficking.

Definition of DevianceDefining deviance is necessary before discussing its causes and effects. Deviance is defined as creating an unethical system intentionally or inadvertently. Ermann and Lundman state in their book Corporate and Governemental Deviance that “organizational leaders can indirectly encourage deviant behavior by establishing rules, rewards and punishments which encourage deviance”.

In this situation, punishments included fines and penalties for families who had more than one child. The result was an increase of abandoned children. They included in the adoption of international children a requirement that parents make a $3000 donation to an orphanage. It was a reward for orphanages that allowed international adoptions. This is likely what triggered the later trafficking.

In order to understand China better, it’s important to learn about their history. This includes the adoption policies and the orphanages. Orphanages in China were crowded with girls abandoned by the One Child Policy. “Yet in the 90s, the requirement for adopters to be over 35 without having children severely limited how many families could adopt children legally. The restrictions did not stop illegal adoptions, but they did prevent them. This increased the burden placed on government orphanages.

The lack of funding, resources, and staffing in many of these institutions made it difficult for them to provide care for their children (Chinese Orphanages : A Follow-Up, 1996, p. 5) According to Human Rights Watch/Asia’s report, conditions in many places were horrendous and resulted in an astronomically high mortality rate between 1988-1992.

In 1992 “the Chinese Government enacted 1992 Adoption Law of China”, allowing international adoptions. Since the decision, many adopted children from abroad have gone to the United States. US citizens adopted more than 8,000 Chinese children between 1992 and 2005. Multiple reasons made adopting children from China desirable.

There were fewer “administrative obstacles” than in other countries. “China’s adoption procedures for intercountry adoption allow singles and people in their fifties and older to adopt Chinese Children.” (Gates, 1999, page 384). Many of these families knew about the Chinese one-child policy, and believed they were doing their part to prevent the girls from being placed in an orphanage.

China relaxed its domestic adoption restrictions and improved the standard-of-living, which resulted in fewer babies being abandoned. As a result, there were fewer healthy children available for international adoption. The demand for international adoptive families remained, but the orphanages became accustomed to receiving funds for adoptions overseas (Leland 2011, 2011). A lack of children and increased demand led some orphanages to seek other ways to get children.

Darley (1996) says that abstract harm or tangible gain may be the reason people engage in deviant behaviour. Darley defines abstract hurt as “an act that results in harm for others, but that does not initially have a clear target or a salient victim.”

In contrast, tangible gains are easy to observe and come in many forms, such as money or goals. In the Chinese adoption programs and orphanages we can see some examples of this. To make it easier for orphanages to place children up to adoption, they would often falsify documents. The adoption of children from traffickers can be harmful to their birthparents, adoptive parents and even the child themselves.

As we have already mentioned, an abstract harm occurs if a person is harmed unintentionally by a particular action. It is possible that traffickers found the children in the street, but it’s unlikely. Sometimes traffickers kidnapped children, or government workers took them because they violated the one-child rule. “Family Planning used to come into play if a parent had more than one child. They’d either smash down the house or take your pig.

Orphanages that joined the program for international adoption saw their situation change. “Family planning officials would bring the unregistered children to the institution, which would then reward them, while the institution would then adopt the child overseas” (Amazon Studios).

They increased the likelihood that the birthparents who lost their child would be unable to locate them by falsifying the details of the children they had found and where they lived. The adoptive parents are at a great disadvantage because they have invested a lot of money and time to bring a new child into their family.

The fear of being reclaimed by the birth parents is a real possibility if they believe that their child was really taken. The children who are caught in the middle of it all suffer a lot of harm. The children who are taken as children may not be able to cope with the fact that they have been removed from their biological family. They may not be able to handle the news if, by chance, they do find out they were adopted as a baby.

Research-China is an organization that helps parents learn more about China’s adoptions and orphanages. It has found that it’s not unusual for adopted kids to refuse to even meet their birthparents. Learning about their birthparents would only complicate their lives, especially after believing for years that they didn’t want them.

The orphanages probably did not do it on purpose, but they certainly did. The orphanages were more concerned about the tangible benefit they would get from the donation. The children and parents that they were harming had no connection with them. At that time, it was common to see abandoned babies. It was also easier to falsify records rather than search for the birth parents.

Sunk CostsSunk Costs are another cause of deviant behaviors. Darley (1996) defines “sunk costs” as “commitments generated by a first decision, most often the decision to invest in financial or other resource into a plan of action”(Darley, 1996, p.21). Orphanages, as well foreign parents who adopt children, can both be considered sunk costs.

Orphanages spend money on the care of children they care for, as well as buying children from child traffickers. They invested these funds in hopes that foreign families would adopt children and pay for the orphanage’s mandatory donation. Due to their investment, they decided to put the children up for adoption internationally instead of trying to find their birth parents.

Parents adopting Chinese children had also incurred costs which influenced their behaviour. They have invested a great deal of money and time in the adoption process. The amount of attention and love they show their new child is perhaps even more important.

They believe that this child is theirs. Many parents didn’t know what to do when it became known that it could be possible that the children adopted were stolen from birth parents. Orphanages may have lied to parents about the way they located the children. Parents were furious, but they also worried that they would be forced to return their adopted children. As a consequence, many parents went into defensive mode and would not talk to anyone about their suspicions.

Brian Stuy has had this experience. “When Brian Stuy has been able to get in touch with birth parents, most are happy to find out that their child is alive, healthy, well-adjusted and in a good family. Stuy says that the majority of adoptive parents are hiding. “When they are suspicious, they will not come forward.” (Leland 2011).

Long Lan, his wife, explains what parents feel. “When i told the story to some U.S. adoption parents, their reaction was shocking. The parents were in complete denial. They thought that their daughter’s adoption might have resulted in her being taken from her birth parents. They also feared their daughter being forcedly sent back to China. They were afraid that they’d lost her and would immediately cut off communication with us.

Both orphanages as well as parents are guilty of this behavior. Both orphanages and parents invested money and time into children they could not get back. Orphanages paid for babies to gain money from parents abroad, while parents did not speak out against the corruption in orphanages.

Diffusion of Responsibility and Information”Diffusion of responsibility is another source of organizational harmdoing” (Darley, 1996, p. 18). Adoption agencies in China “promoted the adoption program as being the most stable and transparent program.” Even in the early 2000s, there were few articles on trafficking. This was despite reports about traffickers selling children to orphanages in China.

It was obvious that the problem was bigger than anyone had thought. Darley (1996) says that knowledge is required for responsibility. Darley (1996) states that “If I don’t have knowledge that harm may be imminent, then I can’t prevent that harm.” This concept is applicable to both parents who adopt and to the adoption agencies that connect the parents to orphanages.

Many parents looking to adopt thought that adoption agencies were doing their homework and that orphanages would be trustworthy. Many orphanages falsified the documents for the children. For example, one woman claimed that her Guangxi girl was adopted along with 11 other infants of roughly the same age and returned home with a detailed account of her 11-month orphanage experience. However, ‘her’ information matched word-for-word that of the families who adopted the 11 children at the time. This made it impossible to believe” (Leland).

Orphanages who bought trafficked kids were known to do this, and even though it was suspicious, parents rarely questioned the practice. Three hundred and forty-two adoptive Chinese parents were surveyed. “Two-thirds claimed they “never”, while one in nine admitted they sometimes thought of it.

To halt a current process due to the possibility of future harm requires an act, whereas allowing normal processes to continue without action is acceptable. So, intervention decisions are often made based on overwhelming evidence …”. It is much easier to just let things go on as they are instead of doing anything to stop them. Parents and adoption agencies find it easier to stay the course unless there’s conclusive information that the orphanages are corrupt.

Many adoption professionals believe that these reports are isolated incidents, even though orphanages have been reported to buy children on multiple occasions. Instead of taking any action and asking for clarifications that could damage relationships or cause business losses, many adoption agencies, as well adopting parents, continue to let it happen. They’ve decided that they are not responsible for it, and so the problem isn’t theirs.

Legal versus EthicsAccording to China and the United Nations, the sale of infants to orphanages in traffickers’ hands is considered human trafficking. Human trafficking is defined by the United Nations as the recruitment of, transportation of, transfer of, harboring or receiving of persons using improper means, such as force, abduction or fraud for a purpose that is not intended, such as forced labor or exploitation. (U.S. Department of Justice). China’s law also criminalizes “abductions and trafficking of Women or Children” which is defined as “a number of acts (e.g. abductions, kidnappings and purchases, sellings, sendings and receivings) to sell women and children”.

According to the US Government, human trafficking includes “sex traficking, in which a commercial act of sexual exploitation is induced using force, deception, or coercion” or “the recruitment of, housing, transporting, providing, obtaining, or providing a worker or service through the use of coercion to the end of involuntary slave labor, peonage and debt bondage”.

According to this definition, the United States government could argue that the situation in China does not constitute human trafficking because the children aren’t being sold as slaves or for sexual exploitation. Adoption agencies have used this defense when parents of Chinese adopted children and others confronted them about Chinese orphanages selling children.

This definition is a good one. It ensures that there are no violations of the law or deviant behaviors. In the end, babies who would otherwise have been orphaned in the United States now find homes. Just because it’s legal doesn’t mean it’s ethical. As discussed above, orphanages are causing harm by buying children from human traffickers. According to Paul and Elder, orphanages who do good without harm are acting unethically. The United States law governing the legality in selling babies to orphanages also falls under the category of unethical behavior.

ConclusionThe implementation China’s One Child Policy resulted in widespread deviations due to abstract and tangible harm, sunk expenses, and the diffusion of information and responsibility. Deviant behaviors were a result of the punishing of parents who have more than 2 children. This led to babies being abandoned and orphanages receiving donations from foreign adopting families.

This was harmful to the parents of the babies who lost their children and the adoptive parents that feared for their adopted child’s safety. And it also caused pain to the children adopted who had accept they were being trafficked. The United States may not consider baby sales to orphanages human trafficking but the damage it caused is evident.

Overview Of Social Networks: Pros And Cons Of Instagram

Instagram is an online application or platform that allows users to share pictures, videos, messages, and stories. Kevin Systrom launched Instagram in 2010 and sold it to Facebook for $1billion in 2012. (Aslam (2017). Facebook’s purchase enabled Instagram to upload posts onto Facebook. As of August 10, 2017, Instagram had 700 millions of active monthly Instagram users. Of these, 77.6 are Americans (Aslam, 2017). Instagram is one of the most popular platforms that people use to connect, entertain and share.

Visual communication has been a major factor in the growth of this platform. According to Russmann & Svensson, (2016) “images can be seen as a complementary source of communication to written or spoken texts” (p.3). This means that visuals help to convey information. Images are a great way to make people more aware of the content and help them engage. Instagram can be used to effectively communicate the message of a company.

Instagram is a great tool for businesses. It can be used to advertise and market any organization, whether it’s a profit-making or non-profit one. The user can change their account from a personal profile to a company profile. There are several useful features for the business. For example, the option to promote (for an additional fee) items related to the business. They also have access to insights on the account in terms of followers and postings. As an example, the publisher can see the engagement, impressions and reach of each image or video. The market is assessed by calculating the efficiency and effectiveness.

Instagram is also a great tool for analysis. Sometimes, communicating through such platforms is more effective than using text (Russmann-Svensson, 2016). In order to achieve this, non-profits can use Instagram images and videos in order to send a strong message of values such as integrity, unity, or solidarity. Samaritan’s Purse is a non-profit that uses this app to explain to people how they can help. Instagram can be used to spread a message across the globe.

Instagram also has a lot of disadvantages. For example, it promotes unhealthy products, and this can negatively influence people. It is difficult to manage thousands of posts that are negative because they can only be removed by someone reporting them. This can be a problem because it could affect the impact that non-profits like World Wildlife Fund have. Non-profits need to be more influential on social media, in order for them to have a smaller negative impact from damaging posts.

The possibility of a fake account is also a major disadvantage for non-profits. Instagram allows users to create accounts easily. All they need is an email address, which can be a fake. There are many people who set up fake accounts in order to spread false information and falsify the accounts of others. In this case, the fake account could ask for donations to be sent to a fraudulent bank. Non-profits who have Instagram accounts are advised to be on the lookout for any fake accounts.

The Contribution Of Leonardo Dicaprio To The Environment Protection

Leonardo DiCaprio has won numerous Academy Awards as an actor, activist and innovator. He is an environmentalist who is committed to making a difference in the world. He has established his own foundation, which aims to support a global charity through money and donations. His work consists of: protecting biodiversity; implementing ocean conservation; and educating people about climate change. He has also produced a number of creative projects and documentary films with an environmentally-themed theme to raise awareness and spark change.

Leonardo DiCaprio tries to change the world before it’s too late. He does his best to protect lives and the environment. DiCaprio received the United Nations Messenger of Peace designation in September 2014. The focus of this was climate change. Our society does not consider climate change to be a major issue. It will get worse if the world does not come together and stop what has been done. The animals and habitats destroyed by humans cannot be brought back, but we can preserve what is left.

Leonardo DiCaprio can be called a contemporary innovator due to the efforts he has made and continues making to improve the world. He’s on a mission: to help save endangered species, ecosystems and third-world communities. Innovators are people who create new products, ideas or methods. In this instance, he’s trying to make a positive change in the world which makes him an innovator or pioneer.

Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation will support projects in all parts of the world to build climate resiliency, restore ecosystems to balance and to help communities. He also has tried to find a solution for the Sustainable Urban Communities challenge. Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation supports projects that promote climate resilience and help restore balance in communities and ecosystems that are threatened. Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation has been doing a lot of work to help save endangered species and communities.

Leonardo DiCaprio’s foundation was created in 1998. Its mission is to protect wild places around the globe. LDF implements strategies that help restore the balance of threatened ecosystems. It ensures long-term health for all Earth’s residents. Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation’s (LDF) work has focused on some of today’s most pressing issues. Since about 20 years, he has been working to change the world. DiCaprio was not alone in his innovation. Many people and organizations have helped to support and promote DiCaprio and his foundation. Solve creates global challenges that innovators, entrepreneurs and tech companies can tackle with the help of tech solutions. Solve launched the Sustainable Urban Communities Challenge in May. More than 153 submissions were received from 15 different countries. The Solve Challenge Finals were held in New York City during United Nations General Assembly Week. 15 finalists presented their solutions live to an expert panel of judges as well as to a live crowd. Solvers join the Solve network to create partnerships with cross-sectoral leaders who can help pilot and scale their solutions. They are innovators because they “introduced new products, ideas or ways to do things”.

Leonardo Dicaprio, in conclusion, is an innovator who is brilliant and compassionate. His foundation, followers and supporters are making a difference to save the planet. He didn’t just make an intervention. He is a man who has accomplished a lot. With his conventions, and marching he helps to show how he cares. DiCaprio has been working with scientists and young entrepreneurs to come up with new ideas to help people deal the various crises that are happening around the globe. Leonardo DiCaprio’s foundation is in danger if people don’t donate or support it.

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