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Category: Essays Templates on Sociology

Rational Male Law And Female Power Due To Gender Mythology

Numerous mythological instances show that the primordial, primal female power is overthrown or modified by a male figure. Hesiod’s Theogony shows that Gaea’s supremacy is ultimately overthrown by Zeus. Aeschylus, however, sees the primacy of the Furies overridden by the rationality and order of male law. This subordination of females reflects the patriarchal natures ancient Greek and Roman societies. However, it’s important to remember that the primal male nature cannot be completely destroyed, but is instead integrated into the new world orders. The Theogony and Eumenides both contain original, ancient female power, which is the basis for the establishment of institutions and male reason.

Hesiod’s creation account states that Gaea, the first being born from Chaos, was Hesiod. Gaea, the mother-of-all things, occupied the center in Greek mythology when she created the universe from her asexually and sexually-produced offspring. Gaea’s male descendants and grandchildren became more powerful as they vied for power. Cronus succeeds Uranus as his father and Zeus becomes the king over all gods. As the actions of male gods become more defined, female goddesses find themselves marginalized. As a result, goddesses and their generative powers begin to take the back seat to stories of male rivalry and warfare.Interestingly, while the importance of female goddesses is supplanted by that of male gods, a parallel reduction of the primacy of female reproductive power takes place. As Theogony develops from one generation to another, reproduction is no longer controlled by the females but becomes more male-controlled. Gaea is able to reproduce asexually in the beginning to produce Uranus or Pontus. After that, she begins to have sex with her son Uranus. (Powell 80). Gaea cannot save herself from her overbearing son, Uranus. Cronus castrates him father and liberates his mother.

Cronus then marries Rhea, his sister. He follows his father’s lead and suppresses his wife’s reproductive ability. Cronus swallows all his children at birth and can only be defeated when Zeus, his child, is forced to vomit up his entire father’s siblings. Zeus is no worse than his grandfather or father, but he actually stifles his consort’s generative powers and completely takes over female reproduction. Zeus is worried that Metis, his future wife (“Cleverness”) might overthrow Zeus and so he swallows Metis in order to prevent her from giving rise to a possible threat. Athena is born to Zeus asexually through his forehead. Zeus’ “birthing” of Athena gives him control over reproduction and eliminates the female role.

Zeus’ struggle for supremacy as the king of gods also leads to conflict with Mother Earth. Zeus kills many of his offspring, despite initially seeking the support of Gaea (grandmother of the gods), who advised him to join the Hecatonchires and defeat the rebellious Titans (Powell 85). Gaea sends Typhoeus from the Dragon to defeat Zeus. This causes bitter rivalry between Gaea and Gaea’s grandmother and grandson. Zeus defeats Gaea symbolically by killing Typhoeus, and also eliminates her potential threat. The Earth Zeus thus asserts his dominance over Typhoeus, the ultimate female power. This shows that male rule cannot be achieved by suppressing the female authority. Mother Earth is now a mythical figure.

By relating the story of Zeus’ rise to power over Gaea, Hesiod’s Theogony highlights the progression from an initial time of female dominance to a more patriarchally-acceptable institution of male rule. Although Gaea is the original creator of all things at first, her world is later divided into three realms, each one being ruled and controlled by three male gods, Poseidon and Zeus. Theogony’s beginnings place emphasis on Gaea’s generative abilities, but the Theogony eventually shifts to the conflict between male and female generations. The Theogony generally sees the female’s role gradually fade away as it progresses. Zeus must, indeed, suppress female power in order to be established as supreme ruler and king of the universe. To do this, he defeats Gaea’s offspring Typhoeus. Metis is also swallowed by him to stop her conceiving future competitors.

This theme of ending female reproductive power may be a sign of an ancient Greek male’s ambivalence and fear toward this exclusively feminine, inherently feminine ability. Their offspring can pose a threat to the world even though women must have children to make it possible for men to live in the world. The potentially dangerous nature and danger of female reproductive activity means that men need to control it. It is however interesting to see that the males cannot completely eliminate the female, even though they must subordinate powerful females. Even though Gaea is defeated, Zeus still considers her Mother Earth. All life depends on her. Zeus, in the same way, consumes Metis and integrates his “cleverness”. This symbolically makes her part of the same male power who smothered.

Aeschylus (and specifically the Eumenides) continues to explore the theme female suppression and then her eventual incorporation into a male world. A song by the Pythia the female prophetess in the oracles of Delphi that tells the story Apollo’s ascension from the position to seer, opens the play. This position had been held for centuries by ancient female goddesses. However, Apollo, a god younger than them, took it over. The Eumenides theme is foreshadowed by the Pythia’s song, which inherently tells of the triumphs of male over women and old over new. This theme is also reflected in the story about Zeus’s Furies, ancient creatures who were overthrown by Zeus during his rise. They are now living a miserable life under the Earth, as Furies symbolize all that is primal-violent and fearful.

Apollo, a young god that represents civilized order and rationality, stands out in stark contrast to Furies. Apollo, the young god of rationality and civilized order, is in conflict with the Furies when it comes to the rightful punishments for the matricidal Orestes. Apollo defends Orestes’ right of vengeance for his father’s murder and insists that blood ties are the best. The primal and natural bonds forged through kinship contrast sharply with the modern institution of marriage. This gendered dichotomy, which associates women and nature with men and culture with them, is also evident: the Furies are wild, untame, feminine nature. Apollo represents civilized, rational male culture that must control nature with laws.

The Eumenides are the epicenter of taming. The Athenian elders organize a court to decide Orestes fate under the direction of Athena. The older female Furies, which are both ancient and modern, are outnumbered by the gods of the younger generation, as well by an overwhelming preference for males. Athena, the presiding Judge, is, however, a masculine. Asexually born from Zeus’ forehead, she has no mother. Apollo and Orestes are victorious thanks to Athena’s decisive vote, which automatically sides with the man. The masculine’s dominance defeats the Primal Furies and civilisation triumphs over the primitive.

Although Athena is masculine in nature, she doesn’t forget about the Furies and their superior wisdom and age (Eumenides 848-49) Athena is not like Apollo who hates the Furies. She listens and considers their points of view. Athena is not only female but also not male. Athena is the perfect arbiter to resolve a dispute that has gender divisive roots. However, her implicit support for Orestes due to his gender may cast doubt on her judgment. Athena is aware that Justice and Fear (the Furies’ tool), must be paired before there can ever be peace or order. To accomplish this she creates a new role of Furies protectors in Athens. Athena integrates old with new, violence with reason, male with female.

The Furies have been integrated into civilisation, but they don’t occupy an equal position. The Eumenides proves that the new gods still rule over the old and that female power still has a superiority to male power. Although Athena does give the Furies a space in Athens to placate them, the Athenian society’s male-dominated nature ensures that the female’s role will never be equaled. In ancient Greece, a man is in control. This is why we see the males take over after a period when there was female power. Clytemnestra, who tried to overthrow her husband’s reign, is punished. Orestes is released when Athena side with him because Apollo is a man. Theogony similarly shows that power gradually shifts between male and female as the male gods take over reproductive control.

But, ancient Greek mythology does not have a binary gender system. Although a man’s rise in power is often accompanied by subordination to threatening females it cannot be totally eradicated. The Furies are defeated, but Gaea defeats Zeus. Female goddesses can often be used as stepping stones towards the achievement of male order or civilization. As Mt. Mount is literally built upon Gaea, so too. Olympus, home to the Zeus gods and Olympian gods, is also the foundation upon which Mt. It is important to understand the paradoxical role that women played in ancient Greek society by integrating opposites. The survival of the male order is dependent on the female. She is even often the foundation. Hesiod & Aeschylus both make it clear that while there is power for the female, it must be secondary.

Pros And Cons Of Social Media: Social Networking

When it comes to connecting with others and moving society forward, communication is essential. There have been many communication formats since the beginning of history, including sign language and body language. Modern culture has made communication easier with the advent of social networking. There are many social media platforms, including LinkedIn and Facebook, that allow you to communicate with people. Argumentative essays can help to solve many problems. To help you decide which social media is best for you, the essay below discusses its impact on youth. These sites have become an integral part of our lives. Some people believe these sites have great motives, such as connecting people all over the globe to what’s important. Others think they are a distraction. Their phones are their constant companions. Our generation is more focused on their own personalities and how they can make others laugh, rather than interacting with others. One positive aspect of social media is the fact that it helps you stay in touch even if you are far from your loved ones. These social media sites offer communication tools for all types of relationships. Facebook is used to connect adults with family members by 93%, 91% of current friends use it to talk to their past friends and 87% of teens use it to chat with old friends (ProCon 2017. p.

Students can also use social media to improve their school performance. It creates social communities that can be used to develop and share innovative ideas. They also help introverted or socially isolated people connect with others. Social media has made it easier for teens to feel less shy and more outgoing. 28% of them report feeling more confident, 20% report feeling more confident. Social media is a great way for youth to meet new people and be more open to sharing their opinions on the platform.

Many social media platforms have their positives. However, many people also acknowledge its drawbacks. 52% have said they were victims of cyberbullying. Of those, 84.2% identified Facebook as their bully site, followed closely by Instagram (23.4%) Twitter (21.4%) Snapchat (13.5%). Cyberbullying has a double effect on middle school students. Teens have become emotionally disconnected and weaker because of social media. Although there are a lot of emojis (expressions of feelings) on smartphones’ keypads, it can be difficult to communicate real emotions through them. This is because the device creates a barrier for face-to-face social interaction. Because you can’t feel their emotions, it’s easy to question whether the person expressing themselves is authentic (Bennett, N.D, p.1). These platforms also allow for the dissemination of misleading and inaccurate information.

Social media has its pros and cons. This essay sums them up. Social media allows people to connect and share information, and it also makes people more in touch with their surroundings. It doesn’t matter if people are on one side or the other. What matters is how they support their data with reliable, factual information.

Citing sources

Rawath, S. S., Satheeshkumar, D. R., & Kumar, V. (2019). A Study on Social Media’s Impact on Youth. Journal of Management, 6(1), 89–96. (https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3526175)

Nesi, J. (2020). Social media and youth mental health: opportunities and challenges. North Carolina medical Journal, 81(2): 116-121. (https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32132255/)

Dredge, R., & Schreurs, L. (2020). A systematic literature review of social media usage and outcomes for youth offline: Mass Communication and Society journal published a study that explored the effects of various media on society, finding that the media had a strong influence on societal values and behaviors (23[6], 885-911). (https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15205436.2020.1810277)

Kulandairaj, A. J. (2014). Social media and youth lifestyles: The impact of social networking. The International Journal of Technical Research and Applications released a study in August of 2020 that examined the topic of [whatever the study was about]. The research concluded that [whatever the research concluded]. (https://www.ijtra.com/special-issue-abstract.php?id=impact-of-social-media-on-the-lifestyle-of-youth)

Valentine, L., McEnery, C., D’Alfonso, S., Phillips, J., Bailey, E., & Alvarez-Jimenez, M. (2019). Utilizing social media’s potential to develop new digital health treatments for youth with mental disorders. Current Treatment Options for Psychiatry. 6, 325-336. (https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40501-019-00184-w)

Police Brutality Against African Americans

The United States is facing a serious problem with police brutality. Police brutality is when law enforcement uses excessive or unjustifiable force to interact with the people. Recent years have seen many incidents of police cruelty, often involving the death of unarmed African Americans. Police officers are known to have hateful attitudes or behaviors towards certain races, sexes, and religions. Police brutality targets predominantly African Americans, according to evidence.

The United States has had a long history in which it has not treated African Americans fairly. Police brutality is an issue that has a significant impact on the society today because of race. According to a journalist, “The history African Americans in America is one of discrimination and segregation that continues to shape our modern society” (Chama203). Police have historically been known for their ability to protect and enforce segregation and racism in the North as well as the South. During the Civil Rights Movement, police used extreme violence against protesters, including beating them with batons and weapons, pepper spraying, and biting police dogs. Despite segregation being banned by the Civil Rights Act of 1964 African Americans were still treated badly. Brain Chama, a journalist, agrees that segregation was illegal after the Civil Rights Act of 1964. However, millions of African Americans are still being arrested. King was taken from his vehicle by the police and brutally beat while George Holliday, who was passing, captured all of it on videotape. All officers were indicted for assault with deadly weapon and excessive police force. However, after three months of trial, a majority white jury acquitted all the officers. This caused riots in 1992 Los Angeles. This led to more than 50 deaths, 2,000 injury, 9,500 arrests and $1 billion in property damages. King addressed the crowds to end the third day of riots. King made a famous plea: “People. I just wanna say, can’t all of us get along?” Can’t we all just get along?” Four of the officers were charged by the U.S. Department of Justice with civil fraud. Two of the officers were convicted and two others were acquitted. King received $3.8 million in civil damages for his injuries. King describes his experience saying, “It felt like being raped. I felt like a slave. It was like being in another dimension.

Police brutality stems mainly from racial profiling. Stereotypes about African Americans have a broad impact on the identity of all African Americans. Because the police hold power, they can define race boundaries. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights states that “Racial profiling has always been a part of U.S.policing since the establishments of slave patrols, the selective criminalizations and enforcements of “vagrancy” laws, and similar crime” (49). African Americans are most likely to be suspected in committing a crime. This is simply because African Americans have a stereotype of being aggressive and criminals. Discriminatory police actions are covered up by criminal laws like “stop & frisk”, which permits officers to stop any person, regardless of whether they suspect that they are about to or have already committed a crime. This is confirmed by the IACHR, which states that “in recent decades, police officers have used racial profiling to enforce law enforcement policies within the frameworks of the “War on Drugs” counter terrorism/ “homeland Security” initiatives” (49).

Eric Garner from Staten Island, an African American male, was choked and killed by a New York cop. Officer Justin Damico and Daniel Pantaleo approached Garner initially to see if he was selling “loosies”, single cigarettes sold in packs of 10 without tax stamps. Officer Justin Damico and Officer Daniel Pantaleo approached Garner to ask if he was selling “loosies”, single cigarettes from packs without tax stamps. Garner refused to do so. Garner explained to officers that he was tired with being harassed without any reason. Officer Daniel Pantaleo wrapped Garner’s neck around and applied all force, chokeing him. The entire incident was captured on video. Garner repeated his words, “I can’t breath”, and Officer Pantaleo didn’t stop. Garner was declared dead in the hospital one hour later. Even though Garner had the video of the encounter, the grand jury decided not indict the officers.

Officer Darren Wilson in Ferguson, Missouri shot and killed Michael Brown on August 9, 2014. Brown and his friend were walking on the sidewalk when the officer pulled up and asked them to use a sidewalk. Brown and Brown’s friend were apparently leaving a liquorstore where surveillance video shows Brown stealing cigarillos. Officer Wilson believes Brown fits the description of the suspect in the liquor store robbery. Wilson combined his S.U.V and traffic to stop Brown and Wilson. Wilson and Brown began to fight. Officer Wilson fired 12 shots, and Brown, who was not armed, received 6-gunshot wounds. Brown was then killed. A grand jury made up nine blacks and three whites from St. Louis County decided not to indict Wilson for Brown’s shooting. This decision sparked outrage within the community. Several buildings were set ablaze and businesses were taken hostage.

Mass incarceration is an affliction that goes hand-in-hand with police brutality. Studies show that African Americans are being arrested at a 10x rate than whites. According to University of Chicago Press, “Historically, police have targeted African Americans with the intent of accusing them of violating laws.” This targeted resulted in the imprisonment, imprisonment, chain-gangs, prison farms, and other correctional facilites for tens to thousands of African American men and women. (Taylor 201). Today, mass incarceration is the practice of enslaving African Americans. It reduces the opportunities for African Americans and negatively impacts their community. According to the IACHR: “Resulting in 1 in 15 African Americans being in jail, and 1 out of 13 African Americans losing their right to vote owing a conviction for a crime” (45). Individuals are often imprisoned not for their crimes but because they believe and practice racist policies. “Introduction – AfricanAmericans Police Brutality & The U.S. Criminal Justice System”, explains what incarceration means for people.

Many young black women and men become involved in the illegal drug trade. They are categorized as felons after being released and given second-class citizenship. In this category, they are denied the basic citizenship rights of voting and serving on juries. (Taylor 200)

Sandra Bland (a young activist of black skin color) was hanged in Texas on July 13, 2015. She was stopped for speeding and was taken into custody. She was stopped by a state trooper on July 10 for not signaling a lane-change. Bland took a video of the encounter and recorded it on her phone. Encinia approached Bland, took her details, and returned to her vehicle in order to write a summons. Encinia asked Bland about her health and said that she was fine. Bland explained that she was angry because she was receiving a ticket for getting out of the way of the trooper. Encinia requested Bland to stop smoking, and the situation quickly escalated. Bland refused to comply with the order of the trooper and was forced from her car. Encinia called for Bland to be yanked out of her car. Bland was resistant. Bland reached for a stungun and yelled “I’ll light you up!” The video ends. Bland was arrested, and he was placed in a housing unit for Waller County Jail women. Bland was found dead in her cell three days later. Her death was ruled suicide by the authorities. Encinia was charged with perjury as the only criminal charge in the case. Encinia, who claimed Bland was there to conduct a safety traffic investigation, was accused by jurors of making false statements. The prosecution requested that Encinia be dismissed from the case in return for Encinia promising to never work again in law enforcement.

Police brutality often goes unpunished, which is one of the biggest problems. Sometimes, the police officer’s words are more important than the victim’s. According to a study, “The New York Civil Liberties Union,” which wrote the report, only 24% of 1,543 cases of misconduct and brutality substantiated in civil complaint review board” (NY) 6 had seen police officers disciplined since 1996. One can easily imagine how a judge/jury might bias to believe a police officer’s self-defense claim in a questionable killing scenario, especially when there is no evidence other than statements. “NY 6 states that the NY department has either not found the officer guilty, not punished the officer, or not taken any action on the complaint in other cases. When you consider racial bias, it is possible that many African Americans will face wrongful convictions.

Alton Sterling was a 37-year old African American man who was killed when two white officers tied him to the ground outside a Baton Rouge convenience store. Officer Blane Salamoni, Howie lake II were the officers. Officer Salamoni and Lake responded to a report about a man carrying a gun. Sterling was killed and wounded by Officer Salamoni in the melee. Officer Lake assisted Sterling in his fall, but he did not fire his gun. The entire incident was recorded on a cellphone, sparking protests across Baton Rouge. The officers’ bodies cameras as well as the store surveillance camera recorded the encounter. After an investigation into the circumstances of the shooting, it was decided that no charges would be brought against the officers.

Botham Jean was a musician and accountant from a local church. Amber Guyger shot him in the head and killed him in his apartment. Officer Guyger believed the apartment was hers and assumed Jean was a burglar, even though he wasn’t armed. It was evident that it wasn’t her home, because it was on the wrong level. Guyger was sentenced in October 2019 to 10 year imprisonment. Jean family supporters saw the sentence as “a slap on the face”. Prosecutors requested that Guyger be sentenced to 10 year imprisonment.

Some are against the notion of police brutality targeting African Americans. The killing of African American suspects in police shootings isn’t a matter of race, but rather a police issue. Rutgers University has concluded that police officers are less likely to kill black suspects than officers of other races (Jacobs). It is clear that police departments are dominated by white officers when compared to other officers. According to the researchers, nonwhite officers have significantly higher murder rates than white officers when they are dealing with Latino and black suspects. This may be because minority police officers are more likely to be assigned in minority areas and thus have more contact to minorities than white officers” (Jacobs). Although this is true, it does explain why contact between white officers and African Americans often ends in tragedy. The encounter is likely to be racialized because the officer hasn’t dealt with minorities suspects very often. According to studies, “We believe the disproportionate killings of black suspects are a downstream effect on institutionalized racism in many police departments.” (Jacobs). Police encounters with the public show that African Americans are at greater risk of being shot by police.

It is well-known that the majority of police brutality against African Americans in America is directed at African Americans. Millions of African Americans have been subject to police brutality, which has led to illegal and imprudent discrimination, harassment, mistreatment, and even death. Many unarmed African Americans have been killed by police officers in white America. This leaves others fearful of the police department’s prejudice. America’s history with racial injustice is why police officers see African Americans as more dangerous than other races. This is an indication that racism continues to exist in America.

Works citées

Chama, Brian. “The Black Lives Matter Movement and Crime and Police Brutality – Comparative Studies of New York Post and New York Daily News.” European Journal of American Culture. Vol.38, no.3, September 2019, pp. 201-216.EBSCOhost, doi:10.1386/ejac_00002_1.

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights is an organization that works to protect and promote human rights in the Americas. “African Americans and Police Use of Force in the United States.” Organization of American States. 26 November 2018. pp. 1-166,http://www.oas.org/en/iachr/reports/pdfs/PoliceUseOfForceAfrosUSA.pdf

Jacobs, Tom. “Black Cops Are Just as Likely as White Cops to Kill Black Suspects.” Pacific Standard, 9 Aug. 2018, psmag.com/social-justice/black-cops-are-just-as-likely-as-whites- to-kill-black-suspects

“NY Civil Liberties Report reveals Police brutality goes unpunished.”Jet. 97, no. 6, January 17, 2000, pp. 6. ProQuest,http://ezproxy.selu.edu/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/199991338?accountid=13772.

Taylor Clarence. “INTRODUCTION AFRICAN AMERICANS. POLICY BRUTALITY AND U.S. CRIMINAL JAUSTICE SYSTEM.” The Journal of African American History. Vol. 98, no. 2, 2013, pp. 200-204. JSTORwww.jstor.org/stable/10.5323/jafriamerhist.98.2.0200.

The Concept Of Toxic Masculinity

The harmful term toxic masculinity or the norms that rule men and women is also known. This discussion does not seek to offend the men involved, but rather to focus on the negative aspects of socially constructed masculinity as well as the potentially damaging effects. Toxic masculinity refers to how men are socialized to accept traditional masculine gender roles and to limit their emotions. They also have to conform to social expectations and be dominant. Other implications include sexual assault and domestic violence. Many feminists pointed out the possible connection between toxic masculinity, rape and what is now called a “rape culture”. Emilie Bookwald explains how a rape community is formed when society begins to normalize and support sexual violence. Her book defines Rape Culture as “a complex collection of beliefs that encourage sexual aggression by males and support violence against women.” It is a society in which violence is considered sexy and sexuality is violent.” Women are the primary target of rape culture and it is accepted as normal and expected. Sexual violence is seen as an inevitable part of rape culture. The question arises, is toxic masculinity what perpetuates rape culture in the diverse societies where it is found?

Today, toxic masculinity is evident everywhere in America. There are many fraternities and college campuses that use misogynist speech and engage in significant sexist activities. Yale isn’t the only university where incidents of sexual violence against females are common. A Yale fraternity shouted outside a women’s freshman dorm “No Means Yes Means Anal!” in a statement that was a little more than a year old. Lindsay Beyerstein describes in her article, “No MeansYes, Yes Means Annal” Frat Banned from Yale, how some students and alumni thought that these incidents created a “hostile homosexual environment.” This may be understood as a form fo rape culture, where actions are taken that support toxic masculinity, emphasizing male dominance over women. This article is credible because the author, an award-winning investigative journalism journalist, has no vested interests. Jill Filipovic is an opinion contributor for “The Party of Unapologetic Misogyny”. She discusses how it’s most apparent in conservatism. Trump was recorded speaking about grabbing women with their genitals. The white house governs and Trump continues to be the face of the country. The liberals, which are more heavily populated by women, continue to endorse sexual harassment. While the article’s author is well-informed and provides valid examples, there would be a bias in her writing. In fact, the whole article praises the left-winged and bashes conservatism as a whole. Language is another way to portray toxic masculinity. Everyday phrases are infused with gender norms and sexism. Some sayings can also reduce the impact of rape. For example, gamers may say “I just killed you” instead of “I just raped your”.

The United States’ criminal justice system is not surprising when you consider the local consequences of toxic masculinity and how they are linked to the establishment of a rape culture. Ministry of Justice records for 2008 indicate that only 38% of cases involving rape resulted in convictions. Plea bargaining – where the parties to a criminal case work together to come to an agreement outside of trial – has allowed men accused for rape to plead guilty, thus spending less time in prison and facing the consequences than if the offense was actually committed. Rachel Williams, Guardian feature writer, explains that plea bargains are used to establish the notion that rape can be done and that it doesn’t carry serious repercussions. Ruth Hall, from Women Against Rape, says that the rapist’s view will be confirmed and he is more likely to commit rape again.

Gendered violence is an indiscreet global pandemic. It is currently improving but we still need to work together to fix it. Many patriarchal nations have been known not to allow gendered violence to be stopped because it would violate their cultural, religious, and traditional customs. These same customs can be argued to also promote toxic masculinity. As an example of culturally indoctrinated toxic masculinity, consider Afghanistan and Saudi Arabia.

This could be solved by creating more masculine identities. This is a way to get rid of the expectation that men should be dominant and emotionless. Jaclyn Fristman, executive director of Women, Action & the Media, a charter participant in CounterQuo, a coalition dedicated addressing sexual violence, stated that “taking action could be as simple as men stating their preference to “female”-coded things, including child-rearing, feminism, nonviolence, or any other–and being open to the social consequences. This can be formalized by working with established organizations, such as Men Stopping Violence.” Men will see a stronger end result than the decrease in rapes resulting from actions taken women.

The Effect Of Social Media Challenges On Current Generation

Table of Contents

Opening statement

Social Media Challenges

ALS Ice Bucket Challenge (2014) 790k Insta posts

22 Pushups Challenge (2016) ~140k Instagram posts

Floor is Lava Challenge (2017) 120k Insta posts

Invisible Box Challenge (2017) ~32k Instagram posts

Mannequin Challenge (2016)

Bottle Flip Challenge (2016) ~190k Instagram posts

Running Man Challenge (2016) 345k Insta posts

Kylie Jenner Challenge (2015) ~156k Instagram posts

Cinnamon Challenge ~15k Instagram posts

In My Feelings Challenge (2018) ~680k Instagram posts

In conclusion

An opening

Social media platforms are a way for users to interact, share information, create and manage web-content. Social media is used by billions of people worldwide to communicate and build relationships. Asur & Huberman (2010, p. 492) noted that social media is a growing category of online discourse in which people create, share and bookmark content and build relationships at a rapid pace.

It is a question of where the younger generation is going wrong in today’s technological world. There are many factors which have played a part in the decision. It is common to see explicit and inexplicable material on social media and cyberspace. According to O’Keeffe. G. S. Clarke.-Pearson (2011), p. 800, a survey found that 22% accessed their favourite social media site at least 10 times per day. Furthermore, more teens log on to social media sites more frequently than half of them. The popularity of daring friends in various activities has seen a significant increase over the years thanks to social media. This paper examines how social media challenges/trends affect the youth of today’s generation.

Social Media Challenges

ALS Ice Bucket Challenge (2014) 790k posts on InstagramThe ALS Ice Bucket Challenge has been widely copied and accepted on social media. The ALS Ice Bucket Challenge began as a fundraiser for the organization. It quickly became a viral phenomenon, with celebrities like Oprah and Bill Gates joining the cause.

This was made impossible by an individual who did not pay the minimum amount of safety precautions. For example, a bucket filled with ice water accidentally hit a woman’s head.

22 Pushups Challenge (2016)140k Instagram photosThis challenge was created by “Honor Courage Complement” to raise awareness and prevent suicide among veterans, as well as honor military servicemen and veterans.

Floor is Lava Challenge (2017) 120k Insta posts Although the game is old, it has gained popularity since its inception in 2004. However, Jahannah Jahannah Jones and Kevin Freshwater both uploaded videos that featured their respective challenges.

It caused a lot of nuisance, particularly among youths, when they began to park in parking lots or shopping markets.

Invisible Box Challenge 2017 – 32k Instagram posts One foot must remain still so that the destination is visible.

The trend was popularized quickly by a Twitter football player. The trend was covered in a variety of media outlets, including NBC and Daily Mail, Telegraph, Mirror Mirror Sun, Time, Time, Mirror and Mirror.

Mannequin Challenge (2016)1.9m Instagram photosOne of the most popular trends in 2016, it was born at Edward H. White High school in Jacksonville, Florida. A student stood still in front of his class, and others joined him. It was quickly adopted by celebrities, political figures, activists, and professionals in sports, as well as politicians. The background music was “Black Beatles” from Rae Sremmurd.

Bottle Flip Challenge (2016) 190k Insta posts Ryan Higa, YouTuber, posted a video on August 20th showing his friends and him flipping bottles across various surfaces. This video was viewed over 5.8 Million times in just one month.

Running Man Challenge (2016) 345k Photos After being propagated by Maryland players who were playing in the NCAA championships 2016, the dance was very popular.

Kylie Jenner Challenge (2015)156k Instagram postingsA viral trend in which teens try to temporarily enlarge the lips using a suction technique “The shot glass effect” to imitate Kylie Jenner.

This trend is being criticized because it can cause permanent disfigurement or scarring of the lips.

Cinnamon Challenge 15k Instagram posts The game’s extreme difficulty has been a hallmark of the game since the 2000s. Thousands of people have uploaded videos attempting to complete the challenge on YouTube.

Dr. Steven of the University of Miami examined health risks linked to the cinnamon challenge. According to the report by Dr. Steven, YouTube users who were more interested in the cinnamon challenge had a significantly higher frequency of visits to poison control centres and emergency rooms. Lipshultz discovered the cinnamon powder contains cellulose, which can lead to pulmonary fibrillation. This scarring of the lungs can cause symptoms similar or identical to emphysema.

In My Feelings Challenge (2018)680k Insta photos. The dance challenge, which requires people to show dance moves that are a cartoon of Drake’s lyrics, became popular after Shiggy uploaded a video. The challenge was popularized by Will Smith, Kevin Hart, Russell Wilson and many other celebrities, including Russell Wilson. Soon, many fans took up the challenge and began dancing while the car moves slowly.

There have been reports of people falling from motor vehicles. A video of a young man who was completing the challenge is shown.

ConclusionSocial Media can have such an impact, there will undoubtedly be both positive as well as negative effects. The ALS Ice Bucket Challenge was a huge success and could be considered the largest fundraiser for social causes. 22 Pushups Challenge brought awareness to suicide prevention and honors military veterans and servicemen. These are the cases where social media was meaningful. This was not the only problem. Multiple deaths have already been caused by the “In My Feelings Challenge”, which is currently in fashion. The Kylie Jenner Challenge has only led to a misconception about beauty. These are just two examples of social media situations that have done more harm to people than good. Many other instances of this nature have been documented, but few are listed here.

This is the extent of their influence. The 1 Billion active users on Facebook is enough to prove it. Twitter, Instagram, YouTube and Instagram all have huge followings. Trends are the hottest thing in today’s society. Imagine someone sharing with their huge fan base something they have never seen before. That would generate a lot of interest in the general public. They begin to follow the same, without knowing its benefits and disadvantages. One example is #GirlLove. It was started by Lilly Singh a.k.a Superwoman, who uses YouTube to promote girls education. She has posted videos of herself interviewing celebrities like Michelle Obama, Melinda Gates and Michelle Obama. Her message has been widely received and supported by people all over the world. There are other instances where Kylie Jenner is idolized by young girls for their beauty. People around the globe have been permanently disfigured by her techniques, such as “the shotglass effect”. Sometimes, social media can be more harmful than beneficial. The question is, with all the social media use, are the current generations heading in the right direction?

A Research Of Harriet Tubman – A Heronie In The Struggle Against Slavery

As her master baby is being put to bed, a little African American girl looks out from a window. She doesn’t dream of being a hero, but she wants to be a hero. She is determined to do the right thing for her family. She turns and walks away when someone shouts her name. She would go on to become a popular heroine, someone everyone admires. She would be known by everyone. Harriet Tubman is her name. Harriet Tubman was so successful in her own life. But she never had the intention of becoming what she is today. Yes, she wanted the freedom she had always longed for, but that wasn’t what she thought was possible. She wanted to be free from the pain and suffering she was subjected to. She would begin her life on a Maryland plantation, where she was known as Araminta ‘Minty’ Ross. She would soon be known. Harriet Tubman’s early life, freedom from slavery, and involvement in the Civil War would make her famous.

Minty was born somewhere in Maryland, sometime around the 1820’s. “She claims she was born 1825. But her death certificate and grave records show that her burial date is 1820. Minty was raised in a tiny cabin without windows or furniture. The birth record isn’t written because her parents couldn’t read or write. Edward Brodas was Minty’s slavemaster. Her parents were Harriet Green, Benjamin Ross. Mintys grandmother was also her mother’s aunt. She arrived in Africa aboard a slave vessel. When her grandmother arrived from Africa, she was called Modesty. The Pattison family bought her grandmother. Minty was to have her mother freed from her master after his death. But they didn’t tell her mother. Minty was to be completely free. Mintys grandfather was a fullblood negro who was born 1795. Benjamin was also an accomplished woodsman. Minty began to work as soon as she was able to walk (McDonough, Harriet Tubman 7). Minty didn’t get to go to school or play as much as other children. Her only skill was working. Minty was never able to learn how read and write. Minty had many jobs when she was a kid. Her master would send Minty to other plantations where she would work as a housemaid and take care of the babies. She was too young for the fields (McDonough, Harriet Tubman 11). She once stole sugar from her master. She’d never tasted it before but thought it was delicious. Her temporary master discovered this and began whipping her! Minty wanted to give it a try, but her master was furious and she had to quickly flee. Minty was very fast and ran quickly to escape her furious master. Minty spent five days in a pigpen and fought the pigs to get food scraps. Minty was hungry and needed to return to her master. Minty reluctantly returned with her master. After the incident, she was sent back home to her owner. Her owner sent her to field work. This was difficult for women, but it was hard for her at such a young age. (McDonough, Harriet Tubman 20, McDonough). Minty had heard of field work that allowed freedom, and Minty believed it. Minty saw a man run North from his master while Minty was in the market looking for food. Minty ran to the door and stopped the man from running. Minty was struck in the head with a two-poundweight by the master. Minty was bleeding and unconscious when some people took her back. Minty was accompanied by her mother throughout the recovery process. She would survive, but nobody believed that. Minty suffered a severe head injury from which she had to wear a wrap. Although she healed, she suffered from headaches and sleep spells throughout her life. She was also able to connect with God through field work. She was a lover of the outdoors and the natural beauty that surrounds it. It was all a gift of God to her and she believed that it was meant for her. Minty married John Tubman in 2005, a few decades after that incident. The relationship was not great. Minty even got married to John Tubman a few years later. John Tubman, an African American man who was free, didn’t have to be punished by Minty. The problem of being sold grew. John wasn’t her only threat. Minty had just lost her master and was at great risk of being put up for sale. Minty is brave and courageous, so this was not what she wanted. Minty decided to travel North in search of freedom. Minty was an unusual woman, as she went solo for the first time. The Underground Railroad was her escape route. Underground Railroad was an underground network of shelters and stops that ranaway slaves used to escape. These houses and stops provided shelter and rest for the slaves, as well as help them not to be caught. Slave owners might mark the houses with something or give them a clue that it is safe (McDonough, Who Was Harriet Tubman 45). The town was shocked when Minty arrived. Minty changed her name to signify her 90 mile journey to freedom. She traveled from Araminta Ross “Minty”, to Harriet Tubman. Harriet returned to her husband several years later because she was feeling lonely. She found out that her husband had been married again and she decided to free the slaves on her plantation. She returned many times to free more than 70 others. She was also a conductor for the Underground Railroad. Conductors of Underground Railroad risk their lives to liberate slaves. Only one person would die from the group. This is because they are responsible for all the slaves who travel with them. Harriet became known as Moses after she liberated so many slaves that the south began to put a bounty upon her head. Because of their effectiveness, historians have spent years studying her tactics and methods. They were amazed at Harriet’s ability to conceal and move so much people at once. Harriet kept praying to God. He answered her prayer and showed Harriet the right way. Harriet, who was also known by the name Moses, was called that by both those she liberated and by those who saw her bounty poster. People were amazed at her actions and even more surprised to learn that she was a women. Harriet needed to move people to Canada because of the North’s slave kidnappers. It became dangerous to do so. Proslavery speakers also claimed that Underground Railroad conductors Harriet and other slave thieves were the real kidnappers. Harriet Tubman was actually freeing the kidnapped and doing everyone a favor. After a while she stopped, but only went on very important missions to liberate people. The Civil War began. Harriet Tubman was settled in Canada at the time that the Civil War began. Harriet worked as a nurse, cook, and cook in North America at first. Harriet was employed at the ‘Sick and Wounded Hospital No. 6’. This work was done by her voluntary effort to end slavery. Although the North didn’t want South secede, they also wanted to abolish slavery (McDonough 72, Harriet Tubman 72). Harriet was there to help enslaved citizens return home from war. She looked after all the soldiers, and provided nutritious food. Harriet would feed the soldiers and give them medicine. Later, she was a spy. Colonel James Montgomery asked her personally to become an spy. Harriet worked as a spy on the North side during the civil conflict and was fondly influenced by Abraham Lincoln. Because Lincoln stopped slave shipments, Harriet knew Lincoln would bring an end to slavery. Harriet, who was tiny enough to get through almost any obstacle without being caught, looked perfectly harmless. She was able travel to the South to speak with the blacks. They trusted her, and they shared all information with her. She couldn’t just leave the South and get all her men free, so they had a battle. Harriet was made Commander of Intelligence Operations by the Union army’s Department of the South. There were nine scouts she commanded (McDonough 78, Harriet Tubman 78). Although white men weren’t used to being commanded at the command of women, they quickly learned to respect her. They eventually came to admire her bravery and tried to imitate her. Harriet had been a conductor on the Underground Railroad and was therefore used to being caught. She didn’t fear danger. Harriet was a leader in many land and sea raids against the South. She prevented supplies from reaching the South and liberated slaves. Her most notable feat was her raid on a rice plantation. She freed all the slaves from this plantation, which had more than 100. Harriet was also a gun owner and didn’t hesitate to use it. Harriet had to wear long skirts, which was a problem. She was forbidden to wear men’s clothes as it was considered inappropriate for women to do so. She was forced to wear a long skirt on her first mission. She was unable to move around freely. After this, she visited a clothing store and received a skirt and pants with a jacket and underneath. This outfit allowed her to move easily and was comfortable. Harriet was tired of being a conductor, slave, and soldier. She had saved more than 300 slaves. She owed the government over 1,000 dollars, which would have been more than 30,000 dollars today. Fredrick Douglass was a friend and high-ranking official who wrote to Harriet asking for the money. Fredrick Dougs actually met Harriet while he was in Canada asking for assistance in the Civil War. (Blight 299). Harriet was a legend to him and could be a helper. Fredrick Douglas, a slave born in 1870, learned to read and to write. Harriet was never able to get the money that she owed her over her long career. Harriet reached her 90’s and became very old after retiring. She remarried several times during her retirement. Harriet married Nelson Davis, a twenty-year-old man with tuberculosis. Harriet was always interested in helping others, as he needed care. They had been fighting together on one of those black bridges during World War II. Harriet didn’t get paid by the government, so money was scarce. But she managed to find her way. Sarah Bradford wrote books on Harriet and earned some money but not enough. Harriet lost Nelson Davis in 1888. She learned later that John Tubman, a Maryland native, had been assassinated in 1867. Harriet began to cultivate crops for her own money. This was a very successful venture. People would invite her to share their stories. Harriet also gave speeches to raise money. She spoke about her life and shared her experiences. She was a joy to listen to. Harriet died in 1913. She was diagnosed with pneumonia and was surrounded her brother and some close friends. Her last words were “I’m going to make a home for you,” (Clinton, 214). Auburn’s Fort Hill Cemetery was the place where she was buried. Every person who knew her loved her and admired them. She was a wonderful person who cared about her people’s safety and is now preparing a place for them in Heaven. This Negro heroie was famous for her early life and her help during the Civil War. Harriet sacrificed her life for her people. Many people still admire her. Harriet Tubman believed that every great dream starts with a dreamer. Never forget that you have the strength and patience to achieve your goals. She wants to remind us that we can achieve any goal, even those most impossible. Harriet believed in her beliefs, and she made it her mission for change. She achieved the results she desired and made her name well. Harriet’s bravery will be remembered forever.

Pros And Cons Of Social Media

Table of Contents


The advantages of social media

Social Media’s Disadvantages

In conclusion


At the beginning

Social media refers to a person’s ability or inability to influence the social thinking of others within a group. Social media has many benefits, such as the ability to communicate with anyone via social media. The greater the influence of a person, the more he can have on another person’s mind. Social media has created spaces between human beings. They may be physically connected, but their minds aren’t connected. Our lives are dependent on social media. Without internet, it is impossible to survive for even a moment. Social media is gradually replacing activism by slacktivism. We will talk about the positive and detrimental effects of social media on our lives.

Social media has many benefits. Social media is very advanced. Some people use it as a way to earn an income. Social media connects us with many people at once and anywhere we may be. Everyone is connected to social media via WhatsApp, Facebook and Twitter. Teachers and students also benefit greatly from the use of social media. The internet makes it easy to learn any topic. Any information can be accessed easily and without cost. You can send money to anyone in an emergency situation. Social media also allows you to stay informed about what’s happening around the world. You’re informed about all the happenings worldwide. You can learn the right information by doing research. It is possible to use social media for noble causes. Online donations can be collected by anyone to help the poor. Social media also has the advantage of allowing governments and security agencies to spy on criminals and capture them to combat crime. Students can use social media to improve their lives. Students can complete their assignments, write essays, and learn vocabulary. There are always disadvantages to all the benefits. Below are some of the disadvantages. Social Media’s Disadvantages Cyberbullying and hacking are all disadvantages. Disadvantages can cause deaths. Social media is so prevalent in today’s society that people spend hours on social media. Hackers have the ability to easily access personal information. Social media is not secure. Social media has the potential to affect even the smallest part of your brain. Our brains have been influenced by social media. Hackers steal your personal information and use it for their own purposes. Hackers have easy access to the personal data of users. Surfing was our main source of distraction. Most people suffer from back pain and have their vision impaired as a result. People who spend too much time on social networks can easily lose their temper. Social media excessively can reduce face-to–face communication skills and communicate inauthentic feelings. Social media encourages laziness. Social media makes it difficult to feel connected emotionally. Yellow journalism is a form journalism that does not combine facts and real news. Yellow journalism is characterized by shocking headlines, which are used to draw people’s attention and increase sales of newspapers. Yellow journalism could also include spreading rumors and exaggerating truths. ConclusionIt is up to users to choose the advantage or disadvantage. The user decides what they want to do with the information that social media provides. Students and teachers can use social media to their advantage. It is easy for them to get information about any topic. All information is available online in a few clicks. Online businesses can be started and you can easily make money from home. Social media misuse can lead to serious mental illness, and even death. Always look for the positives. Sources

Van der Bank, C. M., & van der Bank, M. (2014). Social media’s impact on the economy: What are its advantages and disadvantages? The African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure recently published an issue that focused on the impact of the tourism industry on the African continent. The issue explored topics such as the effects of tourism on local economies, the sustainability of the industry, and the potential benefits and drawbacks of tourism development. The journal included nine articles that examined these various aspects of tourism and the implications for African countries. (http://www.ajhtl.com/uploads/7/1/6/3/7163688/article_17_vol4(2)july-nov_2015.pdf)

Abudabbous, N. (2021). Advantages and disadvantages of social media and their effects on young learners. Accessible at SSRN 4002626 (https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=4002626)

Holmes, W. S. (2011). Social media and crisis communications: Best practices, advantages and disadvantages. (https://trace.tennessee.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1003&context=ccisymposium)

Roebuck, D., Siha, S., & Bell, R. L. (2013). Mobile devices and social media usage by faculty: An analysis of the benefits and problems. The Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects published an article in which the authors explored the effect of digital learning on academic success. The findings of their study were published in volume 9, page 171. (https://digitalcommons.kennesaw.edu/facpubs/3171/)

Farrugia, R. C. (2013). Facebook and relationships: An analysis of the impact of social media on long-term relationships. The Rochester Institute of Technology. (https://www.proquest.com/openview/04bf6121089bb04b74dcaba7486bd814/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=18750)

How Social Media Is Making Us Less Social

Social media can make people less socially connected due to its impact on their lives. Social media can be a powerful platform that can make people feel isolated. It can also cause them to be less social and more likely to withdraw from their circle of friends. People can cut off relationships with their loved ones through social media. It can also make it a toxic environment. Individuals may find it difficult to understand basic emotions and can have difficulty learning them. Social media posts can be misleading and people may post false information that is not always true. This causes people to set unrealistic expectations of themselves and others. My argumentative essay will demonstrate how social media has made us less social. People feel less social when they are able to share their feelings with others. It may seem easier to feel lonely than to face the fear of social interaction with others. However, Alex Greig claims that online media is a major factor in loneliness and that it reduces the joy of living. Without anyone even realizing, social media can cause disruptions in people’s lives and take control of their lives. Social media can have a profound impact on someone’s entire life. Another view is that social media can be used to inspire others and listen to their opinions. Kelly Wallace wrote that teens can use the social media platform to voice their opinions and be heard. According to Kelly Wallace, social media is an opportunity for teens to voice their opinion and to generate new ideas. The media can make teenagers happier and more socially connected. Greig published a study at Carnegie Mellon University that found increased internet usage leads to loneliness and depression. Lack of face-to-face interaction remains a significant problem in mental health. A second factor to consider is that social networking can help one move in the right direction for helping others as well as oneself. Wallace says that social media is a place where teens who feel isolated can seek help. Teens who are in need of help or support should use it. Third, social media can be misleading. These expectations are unrealistic and impossible to achieve. People set unrealistic standards for themselves, but ultimately they create more problems. Alex Greig says that “Idealized” photos on social media can lead to a negative impression of one’s life and perceptions. Although some people view social media as impossible, others see it a way to boost confidence. Eileen Masio, Kelly Wallace and Kelly Wallace said that social media can boost self-confidence in young people. Social media makes people more social and less connected to their devices. One’s mental health can be negatively affected by the media. Some feel lonely or isolated because it’s difficult for them communicate. Teenagers can feel isolated and trapped as a result of feeling depressed or worthless. Face-to-face communication is vital for mental and physical health. Social media can lead to a toxic environment that can cause people to live in terrible situations. Cited sources

Bartlett, J., Reffin, J., Rumball, N., & Williamson, S. (2014). Anti-social media. Demos, 2014, 1-51. (https://apo.org.au/node/37598)

Power, D. J., & Phillips-Wren, G. (2011). Social media and Web2.0’s impact on decision making Journal of decision-systems, 20(3), 249-261. (https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3166/jds.20.249-261)

Nair, M. (2011). Understanding and measuring social media’s value. Corporate accounting and finance was the focus of a study published in the Journal of Corporate Accounting & Finance, volume 22, issue 3, which revealed that 45-51 is the range of its contents. (https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jcaf.20674)

De Choudhury, M., Gamon, M., Counts, S., & Horvitz, E. (2013). Predicting depression via social media. Proceedings of the AAAI International Conference on Web and Social Media (Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 128-137). (https://ojs.aaai.org/index.php/ICWSM/article/view/14432)

Wright, D. K., & Hinson, M. D. (2008). How social media and blogs are changing public relations practice. Public relations journal, 2(2), 1-21. (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228845581_How_Blogs_and_Social_Media_are_Changing_Public_Relations_and_the_Way_it_is_Practiced)

Social Media: Negative Effects And Addiction

Many people use social media, particularly students, these days. Many people have easy access to social networks via their smartphones, laptops and computers. It makes it easy to reach out to family and friends from faraway places. Although social media is said to be helpful in connecting people and helping them to identify themselves, there are still negative effects on human health. It can become addictive, reduce sleep time, and cause anxiety and depression.

Social media can be addictive. Research shows that it is more difficult to stop tweeting than smoking and drinking alcohol. My packet number 2 states that excessive social media use can lead to relationship problems, poor academic achievements, and lower participation in offline communities. (Packet number 2). “Excessive use was associated with relationship problems, worse academic achievements, and lower participation in offline communities. They also found that people who spend more time on social media have higher rates of anxiety and depression than those who spend less. If you aren’t careful, cyberbullying and harassment via social media can be directed at you by untrustworthy individuals. Packet number third states that cyberbullying is characterized by a “sorted view of others’ opinions and perceived wastefulness of time” and can be used to harass you on social media. Anyone can send a negative message or post to anyone.

Many people used the dark night as a way to get through the night, but now we have artificial lighting that is all night and day. Researchers discovered that social media site time rather than how many people log on was correlated with disturbed sleep, suggesting that there is an obsession with checking. Jessica Brown in packet number 3 says that blue light emitted by smartphones and laptops is believed to be the main culprit. This is because it can “distantly inhibit the body’s manufacture of the hormone Malaysian to facilitate sleep and blue lights which are emitted through smartphone and tablet screens is said the worst cause.”

Last but not least, social media has negative consequences. Although it makes it easier for friends to connect with each other, it can also cause depression and impact our sleep quality. Because there are so many posts to enjoy, social media can be addictive more than cigarettes or alcohol. We can browse and not stop browsing.

A Close Look At Grindr, A Homosexual Dating Platform

Grindr, “The Gay Tinder”, has creepily promiscuous and suggestive gay men. Sexual desires are an all-natural human activity. However, for gay men it can be difficult to satisfy their desires. Grindr’s user-friendly interface makes it easy to communicate with gay males. It displays anywhere between 100 and 700 gay men close by the user. This application is specifically tailored for gay men and keeps them engaged.

Grindr uses sex to motivate its users. It makes finding a good partner easy and enjoyable. I will explain how identity-based affective committment (Kraut&Resnick, 2011), can be felt in Grindr’s user community. This makes it feel like users are part of a larger group and allows them to coexist in an online dating community. Secondly, I’ll discuss Grindr’s ability to meet needs-based obligations (Kraut & Resnick 2011, 2011). Grindr was born out of the intense and inborn desire to sex. Grindr helps gay men have casual sex. This is the main reason why the application is so popular. This casual sexual encounter keeps users returning to the app. Finally, I’ll discuss how Grindr encourages its users to actively participate in the community. Grindr helps users find a group of people who are similar to them. Grindr, which is all about empowering gay men sexually, has made the search for a compatible partner rewarding, pleasurable as well as community-minded. Resnick (2011) describes identity-based affective dedication as “a feeling to be part of the society and helping it fulfill its missions” (p. Grindr is open to gay men. It fulfills the application’s goal of sexual freedom for all homosexuals. Grindr continues to fulfill its mission by facilitating gay men’s interactions. Kraut (p.79) and Resnick (2011) expand upon identity-based affective dedication by discussing Social Identity. “How sharing a similar social category with others causes people categorize themselves in a group and to associate with it.” Grindr, which is an online community that focuses on gay men’s common sexual orientation, allows them to explore their options. Many gay men feel marginalized and seek refuge in online communities that allow them to express their feelings and share the culture and vocabulary of the surrounding community. It is a pleasure to chat with gay men about sexual explorations, interests, and other self-disclosing subjects. Grindr makes it easy to connect with other gay men. While there have been positive changes in widely held beliefs recently, homosexuality was often associated with questionable looks. Grindr’s mission to promote sexual freedom and sexual liberty is accomplished by being part of the online gay community. Grindr men are gay men who decide to join.

The application allows users to choose “tribes” which are self-identifiable and that reflect a variety of interests and body types. For example, one may join the “leather” tribe if they fetishize sadism and masochism, but may also join the “trans” tribe if they are either transgender-identifying or are interested in transgender people. You can choose your “position” such that you prefer to penetrate the surface or go to the bottom. Kraut and Resnick (2011) claim that “creating named subgroups within an online community increases members commitment to them” (p.83). Grindr helps to create a stronger sense community within these subgroups. These tiny communities of like-minded individuals allow users to return again and again for additional visits. This allows them to explore their sexual passions further without being shamed. It is a powerful motivator for intrinsic motivation because it fulfills a lot of human natural desires. Other users may also be interested in these terms and their subgroups.

As we have already mentioned, sex can be quite aggressive and is a fundamental human desire. Some consider sex to be a human necessity. Grindr users agree that sex can be a satisfying desire. Grindr’s interface for sex allows users to make needs-based commitments. Resnick (2011) and Kraut (2011) define this type as “attachment to a community that relies on the net benefit that people receive from it” (p.105). Grindr allows you to satisfy your sexual needs. Grindr is a virtual space for gay men to share their sexual fantasies. It will be constantly growing in popularity and users. Kraut and Resnick (2011)’s thirty-second design statement for needs-based engagements in online community communities states, “providing participants experience that meets their motivations to participate in the community increases its need-based dedication to the community” (p.107). It allows users to quickly and easily send their exact locations to each another so that members of the community can meet up to satisfy their sexual cravings. Grindr’s user-friendly interface will encourage participants to meet up with someone who can satisfy their sexual desires. Grindr users can rest assured that they will be able to satisfy their sexual desires almost immediately. Grindr will always have gay men.

Grindr makes it easy for men to sign-up and participate in the community. However, many design claims show that Grindr’s interface inspires them to share their thoughts with others. Kraut (p. 63) states that contributing to an online community is easier when it’s smaller than it is large. While it might seem intimidating to download an application knowing that only the nearest one hundred gay men will be available, this community grows rapidly once the users have found their own niche groups within Grindr. Users will seek out the smaller communities that share their interests and hope to form new friendships. Design claim 32 states that “commitment towards an online community increases willingness to help it” (Kraut & Resnick 2011 p. 63). Grindr will display users who commit to virtual coexistence to meet up in-person.

Grindr users enjoy sending nude selfies, based on their own personal experiences, to start conversations and to encourage the recipient to do the same. Robert Cialdini, 2001 on reciprocity, suggests that “all societies subscribes to a norme that obligates individuals in kind to repay what they’ve received” (p.76). Cialdini (2001), argues that reciprocity can also apply to concessions made by people to one other (p.77). Grindr users might send a picture of their genitals and request a similar picture back. However, if the receiver declines, they might reduce the request and request a picture with only underwear, so as not to expose the recipient of the original message. Grindr’s explicit sexual nature means that users are motivated to make more events such as these. Kraut and Resnick claim that people will respond more readily to requests from people they know, who are similar to them and are attractive and have high social status. Grindr is a platform that encourages contributing, probably X-rated. It does this by forcing people to expose them to similar interests.

Grindr’s well-designed user interface makes the difficult journey of finding a suitable sexual partner less stressful. The application is designed to appeal to the gay community and keeps them engaged and active in the community and the application. Grindr’s platform is intrinsically motivated by sex and makes finding a partner for sexual pleasure both fun and rewarding. Grindr users feel an affective obligation based on their identity (Kraut&Resnick 2011, 2011), which makes them want to join the Grindr network and help spread its messages of sexual tolerance. Grindr has many needs-based commitments. Many of the participants are looking for sex. Participants who can live an active sexual life will continue to come back for more. Finally, encouraging others to participate can be seen in “tribes” or proximal areas. Two-way conversations can be had anonymously and publicly between those who are interested to “leather” fetish. They can discuss any new developments in the realm, as well as the interests that surround it. There is also the possibility of having offline meetings to perform these sexual acts. A user will be more inclined than others to engage with someone if they see photos of their faces, faces-less torsos, or half-naked males located less than a kilometer from them. They have both homosexuality in common and both want to fulfill sexual desires. Grindr gives gay men the opportunity to have casual sex with other gay men. Grindr is a way for gay men to feel valued and active in the online gay community.

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